Greek Core Vocabulary

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HEADWORD DEFINITION PART OF SPEECH SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANKsort descending
the definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 2
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
and; but conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
be, exist verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
in, among (+dat.) preposition Direction 9
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
who, which, that pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming) conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
not (with indicative verbs) adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
and; τε…τε both…and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
into, to, towards (+acc.) preposition Direction 18
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.) preposition Direction 19
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one. preposition Direction 20
I, we pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.) preposition Direction 22
become; be born; happen, be verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
but conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
every, all; whole (with article) noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurement and Numerals 27
have, hold, keep verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
from, out of (+gen.) preposition Direction 29
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurement and Numerals 30
around, about; concerning (+gen.) preposition Direction 31
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)] adverb Particles 34
you pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
up, on; throughout preposition Direction 36
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
from (+gen.) preposition Direction 40
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.) preposition Direction 42
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
therefore, accordingly; at any rate adverb Particles 44
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.) preposition Direction 46
in this way adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
god, goddess noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
with (+gen.); after (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
big, great, powerful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 52
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
such, of such a sort adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
good, virtuous, brave, noble adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate adverb Particles 59
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness) adverb Particles 60
city, city-state noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
one adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.) verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
human being noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
see, look (to) verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
alone, single adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 67
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
take, grasp, seize; receive, get verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
the other (of two); other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
bad, wicked, cowardly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
man, husband noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
after, since, when conjunction: subordinating Time 75
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
call, summon verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
body noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
just as, as if conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
still, yet adverb Time 82
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
small, little, short adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 84
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to) verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy noun: 1st declension Time 87
each (of several) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
day noun: 1st declension World Order 89
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
all together noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
like, resembling (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
now adverb Time 93
earth noun: 1st declension Earth 94
power, strength, ability noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
beautiful, noble, honorable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
lord, master noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
whole, entire, complete adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 100
part, share noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurement and Numerals 101
therefore, then (drawing an inference) adverb Particles 102
my, mine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.) verb: deponent Government and Society 104
two adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
time noun: 2nd declension Time 106
equal, the same as (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 107
whenever (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
only adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.) verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
king noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative) interjection Particles 112
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.) verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
write verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
breath, life, soul noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
responsible, guilty adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
back, backwards; again adverb Direction 120
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.) verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
woman, wife noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
at some time, ever, in the world adverb Time 125
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
name; fame noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future) adverb Time 129
father noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
listen (to), hear (of) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
race, family; kind, class noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
place; topic noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 135
find (out), discover, devise verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
son, daughter, child; slave noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
come, go verb: deponent Movement 138
son noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
water noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.) verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
make to stand, set verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.) adverb Time 146
lead, carry, bring; pass (time) verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 150
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
always adverb Time 152
beloved, dear; friendly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
work, achievement, exploit noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
sail verb: contracted Government and Society 156
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν) adverb Time 157
[emphasizes preceding particle] adverb Particles 158
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
show, point out verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
living being, animal noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
opposite, facing; opposing preposition Direction 163
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
I saw verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
hand noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
and not conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
little, small, few adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 168
custom, tradition, law noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
common, shared, mutual adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
set in motion, move, rouse verb: contracted Movement 172
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
how? adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
the very one who, the very thing which pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
so large, so much adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 176
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means) preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
then, next adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
true adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
right, just adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to) verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
rest, remaining, rest-of-the adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 183
necessity noun: 1st declension World Order 184
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Time 185
second adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
war noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
land; place noun: 1st declension Earth 188
live verb: contracted Life and Death 189
mass, throng, crowd; number noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
sun noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
cause, origin; charge, accusation noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 195
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
three adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
life noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.) verb: -ω dental stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 200
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion noun: 2nd declension Measurement and Numerals 201
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
call by name verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
however; of course adverb Particles 204
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
year noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
opposite (+gen.) preposition Direction 209
ship noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
third adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
wind, breath, spirit noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
upright, straight, true, regular adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 213
the sea noun: 1st declension Earth 214
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.) conjunction: subordinating Time 216
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
head noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
fire noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον 220
foot noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
holy, venerated, divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ 223
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι) verb: -μι Movement 224
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
river, stream noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
substance, property; essence noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
number noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.) verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
the right time noun: 2nd declension Time 231
inhabit, occupy verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
both adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
sign, signal, mark noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
provide, present, offer; allow, grant verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
each (of two) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
show, declare, explain verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
end, fulfillment, achievement noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think verb: deponent 241
worthy, deserving adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
truly (emphasizes what follows) adverb Particles 243
visible, clear, manifest adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional) adverb Particles 245
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
ask, ask one about (+double acc.) verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
brother noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
greatness, size, magnitude noun: 3rd declension σ-stem 249
whether…or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι) verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
often adverb Time 252
drink verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
then, next adverb Time 255
seek verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
form, figure, appearance, character noun: 3rd declension consonant stem 257
nourishment, food noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
learn, ascertain verb: -ω liquid stem 259
here, there adverb Direction 260
flee, run away, avoid, shun verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
horse noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
blood noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
add; (med.) join verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
until; while, so long as conjunction: subordinating Time 268
young, new, fresh adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit verb: irregular Characteristics 270
even if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
art, skill, craft noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
save verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
send verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
sound, voice noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die verb: -μι Life and Death 279
death noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
night noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
road, way, path noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
nation noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
mind, perception, sense noun: 2nd declension 285
stay, remain, endure, await verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
die verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
altogether, entirely adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
judge, decide, determine verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
raise, take up; kill, destroy verb: contracted War and Peace 291
long, tall, large, long-lasting adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 292
I have come, I am present verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
pleasure, enjoyment noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
mother noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
difference, disagreement noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.) verb: contracted Government and Society 298
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις) noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
sky, heaven noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
follow verb: deponent Movement 301
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
mountain, hill noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
four adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
strong, powerful, able adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
house, home, family noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
easy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
take from, take away verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
clear, evident adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
face, mask, person noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
teach verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
up, upwards adverb Direction 316
arrange, put in order verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
eye noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
take, accept; welcome, entertain verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
come to, arrive at verb: deponent Movement 320
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
work, labor verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
battle noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
impossible; powerless adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
exact, accurate, precise 326
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion) adverb Particles 327
from where, whence adverb Direction 328
mouth, face, opening noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from adverb Direction 330
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
brief, short adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
strong adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
truth noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
place, spot, district noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
sweet, pleasant adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
disease, sickness noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
stone noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
old, ancient adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
send away, let go; let alone, neglect verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
otherwise adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
action, transaction, business noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
clear, distinct, plain adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
wise, clever, skilled adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
conquer, win verb: contracted War and Peace 346
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
temple noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
moreover; on the other hand; back (again) adverb Particles 349
fatherland noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
and indeed, and yet adverb Particles 352
more, rather adverb 353
more, larger (comp. of πολύς) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον 354
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
between adverb Direction 357
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
do wrong; injure verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
leader of an army, commander, general noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
no longer, no more adverb Time 362
old man; (pl.) ambassadors noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
finish; die verb: contracted Life and Death 365
mix, mingle verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
the people, folk noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
daughter noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
building, house, dwelling noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
transmit, hand over, surrender verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
outside; except adverb Direction 371
island noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
there adverb Direction 373
knowledge, understanding, skill noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at) verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
perceive, understand, hear, learn verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
difficult, troublesome adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
child noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
fight (against) (+dat.) verb: deponent War and Peace 382
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember verb: -ω palatal stem 383
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
to die, be dying verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
to honor verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
wall noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
equally, probably, perhaps adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
take up, lift up; remove verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
kill verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
soldier noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
without (+gen.) preposition 392
which of the two? πότερον whether adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
simply, singly, in one way adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
fall, fall down verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
fourth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
equip, furnish, make ready verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
contest; struggle noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
destroy; corrupt verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way adverb Particles 403
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
there adverb Direction 405
arrangement, order; military unit noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.) verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
worthless, bad, wicked adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
where, wherever conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.) verb: deponent 415
slave noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
cut, cut down, cut to pieces verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
useful, serviceable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
what sort of? adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.) noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
creator, poet noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
better (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
altogether, in all ways; at any rate adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
five adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
danger noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
horseman, rider, charioteer noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
get, gain, acquire verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
leave, abandon verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
hope; expectation noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
beget, give birth to, produce verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
take care of, provide for verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
see, look (at) verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
panic, fear, flight noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
constitution, citizenship, republic noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters noun: 2nd declension 447
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.) verb: contracted 448
such (as this), of such a sort (as this) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on verb: contracted Movement 450
get ready, prepare, provide verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
talk, chatter, babble verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
do, accomplish verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
bull, ox, cow noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
our adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s) noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
make war verb: contracted War and Peace 459
sacrifice verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
drive, set in motion verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
fear verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
guide, leader, commander noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
heavy, grievous, tiresome adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
thus, in this way; hither, here adverb Direction 466
ugly, shameful, disgraceful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
peace noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω) verb: deponent War and Peace 469
ten adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
help, assist (+dat.) verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
set free, release, deliver verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
very, very much adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
ask (for), beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
safety, deliverance noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
[introduces a question] adverb Particles 480
pursue verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
spirit, god, demon noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
surely then (inviting assent to an inference) adverb Particles 483
tongue; language noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
seven adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
master (of the household); absolute ruler noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
unjust adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
twenty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 491
at once, immediately adverb Time 492
tenth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
walk, come, go verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis] adverb Particles 495
free, independent adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
army noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
about, around preposition Direction 498
event, circumstance, misfortune noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
hundred adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
victory noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
word, speech, tale; prophecy noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
army noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
money noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
thirty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
six adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
fifth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
witness noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
of copper or bronze adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
seventh adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
where pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation) adverb Particles 513
light, daylight noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
eight adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
sixth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
thirtieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
nine adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
when? adverb Time 519
eighth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
ninth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
twentieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
report, tell verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
hundredth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list