Headword DEFINITION Part of Speech SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
ὁ ἡ τό the definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 2
καί and, also, even; καί...καί both...and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
δέ and; but conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
τίς τί who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
εἰμί, ἔσομαι, impf. ἦν, infin. εἶναι be, exist verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
ἐν in, among (+dat.) preposition Direction 9
μέν...δέ on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
τις τι someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
ὅς ἥ ὅ who, which, that pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
γάρ for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming) conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ not (with indicative verbs) adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
λέγω, ἐρῶ, εἶπον, εἴρηκα, λέλεγμαι, ἐλέχθην and ἐρρήθην say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
ὡς as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
τε and; τε…τε both…and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
εἰς into, to, towards (+acc.) preposition Direction 18
ἐπί at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.) preposition Direction 19
κατά down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one. preposition Direction 20
ἐγώ ἐμοῦ, (pl.) ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν I, we pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
πρός from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.) preposition Direction 22
γίγνομαι, γενήσομαι, 2 aor. ἐγενόμην, γέγονα, γεγένημαι, ἐγενήθην become; be born; happen, be verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
ἐάν (εἰ-ἄν) if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
διά through, during, because of (+gen., acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
ἀλλά but conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
πᾶς πᾶσα πᾶν every, all; whole (with article) noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
ἔχω, ἕξω or σχήσω, 2 aor. ἔσχον, ἔσχηκα, impf. εἶχον have, hold, keep verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
ἐκ, ἐξ from, out of (+gen.) preposition Direction 29
πολύς πολλή πολύ much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
περί around, about; concerning (+gen.) preposition Direction 31
μή not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
ὅστις ἥτις ὅ τι anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
ἄν [marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)] adverb Particles 34
σύ, σοῦ, (pl.) ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν you pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
ἀνά up, on; throughout preposition Direction 36
ὅτι because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
εἰ if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
ἄλλος ἄλλη ἄλλο other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
ἀπό from (+gen.) preposition Direction 40
φημί, φήσω, impf. ἔφην say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
ὑπό under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.) preposition Direction 42
ποιέω, ποιήσω, ἐποίησα, πεποίηκα, πεποίημαι, ἐποιήθην make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
οὖν therefore, accordingly; at any rate adverb Particles 44
λόγος λόγου, ὁ word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
παρά from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.) preposition Direction 46
οὕτως in this way adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
πρότερος προτέρα πρότερον before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
πρότερος προτέρα πρότερον before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
θεός θεοῦ, ὁ/ἡ god, goddess noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
μετά with (+gen.); after (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
ἑαυτοῦ ἑαυτῆς ἑαυτοῦ him- her- itself (reflexive pron.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
μέγας μεγάλη μέγα big, great, powerful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
οὐδέ and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
ἐκεῖνος ἐκείνη ἐκεῖνο that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
τοιοῦτος τοιαύτη τοιοῦτο such, of such a sort adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
οὐδείς οὐδεμία οὐδέν no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
εἶπον I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
ἀγαθός –ή –όν good, virtuous, brave, noble adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
γε (enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate adverb Particles 59
δή surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness) adverb Particles 60
πόλις πόλεως, ἡ city, city-state noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
εἷς μία ἕν one adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
ἵημι, ἥσω, ἧκα, -εἷκα, εἷμαι, -εἵθην put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
δέω, δεήσω, ἐδέησα, δεδέηκα, δεδέημαι, ἐδεήθην lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.) verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
ἄνθρωπος –ου, ὁ/ἡ human being noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
ὁράω, ὄψομαι, 2 aor. εἶδον, ἑόρακα and ἑώρακα, ὤφθην, impf. ἑώρων see, look (to) verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
μόνος μόνη μόνον alone, single adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
οὔτε...οὔτε neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
οἷος οἵα οἷον such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
λαμβάνω, λήψομαι, ἔλαβον, εἴληφα, εἴλημμαι, ἐλήφθην take, grasp, seize; receive, get verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
δοκέω, δόξω, ἔδοξα think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
ἕτερος ἑτέρα ἕτερον the other (of two); other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
κακός –ή –όν bad, wicked, cowardly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
ἀνήρ ἀνδρός, ὁ man, husband noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
ἐπεί after, since, when conjunction: subordinating Time 75
ὅσος ὅση ὅσον however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
καλέω, καλῶ, ἐκάλεσα, κέκληκα, κέκλημαι, ἐκλήθην call, summon verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
σῶμα σώματος, τό body noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
δεῖ, δεήσει, impf. ἔδει it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
ὥσπερ just as, as if conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
δίδωμι, δώσω, ἔδωκα, δέδωκα, δέδομαι, ἐδόθην give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
δίδωμι, δώσω, ἔδωκα, δέδωκα, δέδομαι, ἐδόθην give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
ἔτι still, yet adverb Time 82
φύσις φύσεως, ἡ nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
μικρός –ά –όν small, little, short adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
δύναμαι, δυνήσομαι, ἐδυνήθην, δεδύνημαι (+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to) verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
ὥστε (introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
ἀρχή ἀρχῆς, ἡ beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy noun: 1st declension Time 87
ἕκαστος ἑκάστη ἕκαστον each (of several) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
ἡμέρα ἡμέρας, ἡ day noun: 1st declension World Order 89
φύω, φύσω, ἔφυσα bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
ἅπας ἅπασα ἅπαν all together noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
ὅμοιος ὁμοία ὅμοιον like, resembling (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
νῦν, νυνί now adverb Time 93
γῆ γῆς, ἡ earth noun: 1st declension Earth 94
δύναμις δυνάμεως, ἡ power, strength, ability noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
καλός –ή –όν beautiful, noble, honorable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
κύριος κυρίου, ὁ lord, master noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
μᾶλλον more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
ὅδε ἥδε τόδε this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
ὅλος ὅλη ὅλον whole, entire, complete adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
μέρος μέρους, τό part, share noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
ἄρα therefore, then (drawing an inference) adverb Particles 102
ἐμός ἐμή ἐμόν my, mine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
χράομαι, χρήσομαι, ἐχρησάμην, κέχρημαι, ἐχρήσθην use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.) verb: deponent Government and Society 104
δύο two adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
χρόνος χρόνου, ὁ time noun: 2nd declension Time 106
ἴσος ἴση ἴσον equal, the same as (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
ὅταν (ὅτε-ἄν) whenever (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
μόνον only adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
οἶδα, infin. εἰδέναι, imper. ἴσθι, plupf. used as impf. ᾔδειν to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.) verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
βασιλεύς βασιλέως, ὁ king noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative) interjection Particles 112
βούλομαι, βουλήσομαι, βεβούλημαι, ἐβουλήθην (+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
φαίνω, φανῶ, ἔφηνα, πέφηνα, πέφασμαι, ἐφάνην bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.) verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
γράφω, γράψω, ἔγραψα, γέγραφα, γέγραμμαι, ἐγράφην write verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
φέρω, οἴσω, 1 aor. ἤνεγκα, 2 aor. ἤνεγκον, ἐνήνοχα, ἐνήνεγμαι, ἠνέχθην carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
ψυχή ψυχῆς, ἡ breath, life, soul noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
μηδείς μηδεμία μηδέν no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
αἴτιος αἰτία αἴτιον responsible, guilty adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
πάλιν back, backwards; again adverb Direction 120
μάλιστα most, most of all; (in replies) certainly adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
ὑπάρχω, ὑπάρξω, ὑπῆρξα, ὑπῆργμαι, ὑπήρχθην exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
ἄρχω, ἄρξω, ἦρξα, ἦργμαι, ἤρχθην begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.) verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
γυνή γυναικός, ἡ woman, wife noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
ποτε (enclitic) at some time, ever, in the world adverb Time 125
ἵνα in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
ὄνομα ὀνόματος, τό name; fame noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
ὑπέρ for (+gen), beyond (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
ἤδη already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future) adverb Time 129
πατήρ πατρός, ὁ father noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
ἀκούω, ἀκούσομαι, ἤκουσα, ἀκήκοα, plup. ἠκηκόη or ἀκηκόη, ἠκούσθην listen (to), hear (of) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
γένος γένους, τό race, family; kind, class noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
τόπος τόπου, ὁ place; topic noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
πράσσω, πράξω, ἔπραξα, πέπραχα, πέπραγμαι, ἐπράχθην do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
πράσσω, πράξω, ἔπραξα, πέπραχα, πέπραγμαι, ἐπράχθην do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
πρῶτος πρώτη πρῶτον first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
εὑρίσκω, εὑρήσω, 2 aor. ηὗρον or εὗρον, ηὕρηκα or εὕρηκα, εὕρημαι, εὑρέθην find (out), discover, devise verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
παῖς παιδός, ὁ/ἡ son, daughter, child; slave noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
ἔρχομαι, fut. εἶμι or ἐλεύσομαι, 2 aor. ἦλθον, ἐλήλυθα come, go verb: deponent Movement 138
υἱός υἱοῦ, ὁ son noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
ὕδωρ ὕδατος, τό water noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
ἴδιος ἰδία ἴδιον one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
σός σή σόν your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
γιγνώσκω, γνώσομαι, ἔγνων, ἔγνωκα, ἔγνωσμαι, ἐγνώσθην come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
τυγχάνω, τεύξομαι, ἔτυχον, τετύχηκα. τέτυγμαι, ἐτύχθην hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.) verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
ἵστημι στήσω will set, ἔστησα set, caused to stand, 2 aor. ἔστην stood, ἕστηκα stand, plup. εἱστήκη stood, ἐστάθην stood make to stand, set verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
ἅμα at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.) adverb Time 146
ἄγω, ἄξω, ἤγαγον, ἦχα, ἦγμαι, ἤχθην lead, carry, bring; pass (time) verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
τρόπος τρόπου, ὁ way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
μήτε...μήτε neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
μέσος μέση μέσον middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
ἀλλήλων –οις (oblique cases plural only) one another, each other pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
ἀεί always adverb Time 152
φίλος φίλη φίλον beloved, dear; friendly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
συμβαίνω, συμβήσομαι, 2 aor. συνέβην, συμβέβηκα meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
ἔργον ἔργου, τό work, achievement, exploit noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
πλέω, πλεύσομαι, ἔπλευσα, πέπλευκα, πέπλευσμαι, ἐπλεύσθην sail verb: contracted Government and Society 156
τότε then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν) adverb Time 157
μήν [emphasizes preceding particle] adverb Particles 158
χρή, impf. χρῆν or ἐχρῆν, infin. χρῆναι it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
δείκνυμι, δείξω, ἔδειξα, δέδειχα, δέδειγμαι, ἐδείχθην show, point out verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
ζῷον ζῴου, τό living being, animal noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
πρᾶγμα πράγματος, τό thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
ἐναντίος ἐναντία ἐναντίον opposite, facing; opposing preposition Direction 163
τίθημι, θήσω, ἔθηκα, τέθηκα, τέθειμαι (but usu. κεῖμαι instead), ἐτέθην to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
εἶδον, 2 aor. of ὁράω, act. infin. ἰδεῖν, mid.infin. ἰδέσθαι I saw verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
χείρ χειρός, ἡ hand noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
μηδέ and not conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
ὀλίγος ὀλίγη ὀλίγον little, small, few adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
νόμος νόμου, ὁ custom, tradition, law noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
κοινός –ή –όν common, shared, mutual adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
οἴομαι or οἶμαι, οἰήσομαι, impf. ᾤμην, aor. ᾠήθην think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
κινέω, κινήσω, ἐκίνησα, κεκίνηκα, κεκίνημαι, ἐκινήθην set in motion, move, rouse verb: contracted Movement 172
πάσχω, πείσομαι, ἔπαθον, πέπονθα suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
πῶς how? adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
ὅσπερ ἥπερ ὅπερ the very one who, the very thing which pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
τοσοῦτος –αύτη –οῦτο(ν) so large, so much adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
σύν with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means) preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
εἶτα then, next adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
ἀληθής –ές true adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
δίκαιος δικαία δίκαιον right, just adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
μέλλω, μελλήσω, ἐμέλλησα (+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
ἐθέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα, ἠθέληκα (+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to) verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
λοιπός –ή –όν rest, remaining, rest-of-the adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
ἀνάγκη ἀνάγκης, ἡ necessity noun: 1st declension World Order 184
ὅτε when, whenever (+indic. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Time 185
δεύτερος –α –ον second adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
πόλεμος πολέμου ὁ war noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
χώρα χώρας, ἡ land; place noun: 1st declension Earth 188
ζάω, ζήσω, ἔζησα, ἔζηκα live verb: contracted Life and Death 189
πλῆθος πλήθους, τό mass, throng, crowd; number noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
ἥλιος ἡλίου, ὁ sun noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
αἰτία αἰτίας, ἡ cause, origin; charge, accusation noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
πείθω, πείσω, ἔπεισα, πέποιθα, πέπεισμαι, ἐπείσθην persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
πάρειμι be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
πλεῖστος πλείστη πλεῖστον most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
εἶδος εἴδους, τό form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
ὅπως how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
τρεῖς τρία three adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
βίος βίου, ὁ life noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
νομίζω, νομιῶ, ἐνόμισα, νενόμικα, νενόμισμαι, ἐνομίσθην think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.) verb: -ω dental stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 200
κύκλος κύκλου, ὁ circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
πάθος πάθους, τό incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
πρό before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
πρό before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
ὀνομάζω, ὀνομάσω, ὠνόμασα, ὠνόμακα, ὠνόμασμαι, ὠνομάσθην call by name verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
μέντοι however; of course adverb Particles 204
ὑμέτερος ὑμετέρα ὑμέτερον your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
ἀρετή ἀρετῆς, ἡ goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
ἔτος ἔτους, τό year noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
ἀντί opposite (+gen.) preposition Direction 209
ναῦς νεώς, ἡ ship noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
τρίτος –η –ον third adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
πνεῦμα πνεύματος, τό wind, breath, spirit noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
ὀρθός –ή –όν upright, straight, true, regular adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
θάλασσα θαλάσσης, ἡ the sea noun: 1st declension Earth 214
διαφέρω, διοίσω, 1 aor. διήνεγκα, 2 aor. διήνεγκον, διενήνοχα, διενήνεγμαι carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
μέχρι (+gen.) until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.) conjunction: subordinating Time 216
δόξα δόξης, ἡ opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
κεφαλή –ῆς, ἡ head noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
πῦρ πυρός, τό fire noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
ἐλάσσων ἔλασσον smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
πούς ποδός, ὁ foot noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
ἱερός –ά –όν holy, venerated, divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
εὐθύς εὐθεῖα εὐθύ straight, direct; (adv.) immediately adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
εἶμι, infin. ἰέναι, ptc. ἰών, ἰοῦσα, ἰόν I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι) verb: -μι Movement 224
ταχύς ταχεῖα ταχύ quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
ποταμός –οῦ, ὁ river, stream noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
οὐσία οὐσίας, ἡ substance, property; essence noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
ἀριθμός –οῦ, ὁ number noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
ὕστερος ὑστέρα ὕστερον coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
φυλάσσω, φυλάξω, ἐφύλαξα, πεφύλαχα, πεφύλαγμαι, ἐφυλάχθην watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.) verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
καιρός καιροῦ, ὁ the right time noun: 2nd declension Time 231
οἰκέω, οἰκήσω, ᾤκησα, ᾤκηκα, ᾠκήθην inhabit, occupy verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
ἀμφότερος ἀμφοτέρα ἀμφότερον both adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
σημεῖον σημείου, τό sign, signal, mark noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
παρέχω, παρέξω, παρέσχον, παρέσχηκα, impf. παρεῖχον provide, present, offer; allow, grant verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
ἑκάτερος ἑκατέρα ἑκάτερον each (of two) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
δηλόω, δηλώσω, ἐδήλωσα, δεδήλωκα, ἐδηλώθην show, declare, explain verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
οἰκεῖος οἰκεία οἰκεῖον domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
κελεύω, κελεύσω, ἐκέλευσα, κεκέλευκα, κεκέλευσμαι, ἐκελεύσθην order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
τέλος τέλους, τό end, fulfillment, achievement noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
ἡγέομαι, ἡγήσομαι, ἡγησάμην, ἥγημαι lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
ἄξιος ἀξία ἄξιον worthy, deserving adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
truly (emphasizes what follows) adverb Particles 243
δῆλος δήλη δῆλον visible, clear, manifest adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
τοίνυν (τοί-νυν) therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional) adverb Particles 245
πολέμιος πολεμία πολέμιον hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
ἔρομαι, ἐρήσομαι, 2 aor. ἠρόμην ask, ask one about (+double acc.) verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
ἀδελφός –οῦ, ὁ brother noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
μέγεθος μεγέθους, τό greatness, size, magnitude noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
εἴτε…εἴτε whether…or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
κεῖμαι, κείσομαι to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι) verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
πολλάκις often adverb Time 252
πίνω, πίομαι, 2 aor. ἔπιον, πέπωκα, -πέπομαι, -επόθην drink verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
χάρις χάριτος, ἡ splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
ἔπειτα then, next adverb Time 255
ζητέω, ζητήσω, ἐζήτησα, ἐζήτηκα seek verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
σχῆμα σχήματος, τό form, figure, appearance, character noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
τροφή τροφῆς, ἡ nourishment, food noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
μανθάνω, μαθήσομαι, ἔμαθον, μεμάθηκα learn, ascertain verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
ἐνταῦθα here, there adverb Direction 260
φεύγω, φεύξομαι, ἔφυγον, πέφευγα flee, run away, avoid, shun verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
ἵππος ἵππου, ὁ horse noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
κόσμος κόσμου, ὁ order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
αἷμα αἵματος, τό blood noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
αἱρέω, αἱρήσω, 2 aor. εἷλον, ᾕρηκα, ᾕρημαι, ᾑρέθην take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
προστίθημι, προσθήσω, προσέθηκα, προστέθηκα, προστέθειμαι (but commonly προσκεῖμαι instead), προσετέθην add; (med.) join verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
ἀξιόω, ἀξιώσω, ἠξίωσα, ἠξίωκα, ἠξίωμαι, ἠξιώθην consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
ἕως until; while, so long as conjunction: subordinating Time 268
νέος νέα νέον young, new, fresh adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
ἔοικα, ptc. εἰκώς be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit verb: irregular Characteristics 270
κἄν (καὶ-ἄν) even if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
καθίστημι, καταστήσω, κατέστησα, κατέστην, καθέστηκα, plupf. καθειστήκη, κατεστάθην set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
καθίστημι, καταστήσω, κατέστησα, κατέστην, καθέστηκα, plupf. καθειστήκη, κατεστάθην set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
τέχνη τέχνης, ἡ art, skill, craft noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
χρῆμα χρήματος, τό thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
σῴζω, σώσω, ἔσωσα, σέσωκα, ἐσώθην save verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
πέμπω, πέμψω, ἔπεμψα, πέπομφα, πέπεμμαι, ἐπέμφθην send verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
φωνή φωνῆς, ἡ sound, voice noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
ἕνεκα on account of, for the sake of (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
ἀπόλλυμι, ἀπολῶ, ἀπώλεσα, 2 aor. mid. ἀπωλόμην, pf. ἀπολώλεκα (“I have utterly destroyed”) or ἀπόλωλα (“I am undone”) kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die verb: -μι Life and Death 279
θάνατος θανάτου, ὁ death noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
νύξ νυκτός, ἡ night noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
ὁδός ὁδοῦ, ἡ road, way, path noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
ἔθνος ἔθνους, τό nation noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
ἀποδίδωμι, ἀποδώσω, ἀπέδωκα, ἀποδέδωκα, ἀποδέδομαι, ἀπεδόθην give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
νοῦς (νόος), νοῦ (νόου), ὁ mind, perception, sense noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
μένω, μενῶ, ἔμεινα, μεμένηκα stay, remain, endure, await verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
ἀποθνῄσκω, ἀποθανοῦμαι, 2 aor. ἀπέθανον, ἀποτέθνηκα die verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
πάνυ altogether, entirely adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
εὖ well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
κρίνω, κρινῶ, ἔκρινα, κέκρικα, κέκριμαι, ἐκρίθην judge, decide, determine verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
ἀναιρέω, ἀναιρήσω, ἀνεῖλον, ἀνῄρηκα, ἀνῄρημαι, ἀνῃρέθην raise, take up; kill, destroy verb: contracted War and Peace 291
μακρός –ά –όν long, tall, large, long-lasting adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
ἥκω, ἥξω, pf. ἧκα I have come, I am present verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
ἡδονή –ῆς, ἡ pleasure, enjoyment noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
μήτηρ μητρός, ἡ mother noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
δεινός –ή –όν awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
διαφορά –ᾶς, ἡ difference, disagreement noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
κρατέω, κρατήσω, ἐκράτησα, κεκράτηκα, κεκράτημαι, ἐκρατήθην be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.) verb: contracted Government and Society 298
δῆμος δήμου, ὁ the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις) noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
οὐρανός –οῦ, ὁ sky, heaven noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
ἕπομαι ἕψομαι, 2 aor. ἑσπόμην follow verb: deponent Movement 301
ἥσσων ἧσσον less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
ἥσσων ἧσσον less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
ὄρος ὄρους, τό mountain, hill noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
πλήν (prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
τέτταρες τέτταρα four adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
δυνατός –ή –όν strong, powerful, able adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
οἶκος οἴκου, ὁ house, home, family noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
ἄριστος ἀρίστη ἄριστον best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
ῥᾴδιος ῥᾳδία ῥᾴδιον easy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
ἀφαιρέω, ἀφαιρήσω, ἀφεῖλον, ἀφῄρηκα, ἀφῄρημαι, ἀφῃρέθην take from, take away verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
τύχη τύχης, ἡ luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
φανερός –ά –όν clear, evident adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
πρόσωπον προσώπου, τό face, mask, person noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
πιστεύω, πιστεύσω, ἐπίστευσα, πεπίστευκα, πεπίστευμαι, ἐπιστεύθην trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
διδάσκω, διδάξω, ἐδίδαξα, δεδίδαχα, δεδίδαγμαι, ἐδιδάχθην teach verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
ἄνω up, upwards adverb Direction 316
τάσσω, τάξω, ἔταξα, τέταχα, τέταγμαι, ἐτάχθην arrange, put in order verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
ὀφθαλμός –οῦ, ὁ eye noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
δέχομαι, δέξομαι, ἐδεξάμην, δέδεγμαι, -εδέχθην take, accept; welcome, entertain verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
ἀφικνέομαι, ἀφίξομαι, 2 aor. ἀφικόμην, ἀφῖγμαι come to, arrive at verb: deponent Movement 320
ἱκανός –ή –όν sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
ἐργάζομαι, ἐργάσομαι, εἰργασάμην, εἴργασμαι work, labor verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
μάχη μάχης, ἡ battle noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
τρέφω, θρέψω, ἔθρεψα, τέθραμμαι, ἐτράφην nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
ἀδύνατος –ον impossible; powerless adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
ἀκριβής –ές exact, accurate, precise adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
που (enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion) adverb Particles 327
ὅθεν from where, whence adverb Direction 328
στόμα στόματος, τό mouth, face, opening noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
χωρίς separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from adverb Direction 330
κρείσσων κρεῖσσον stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
βραχύς βραχεῖα βραχύ brief, short adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
ἰσχυρός –ά –όν strong adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
ἀλήθεια ἀληθείας, ἡ truth noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
δίκη δίκης, ἡ justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
χωρίον χωρίου, τό place, spot, district noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
ἡδύς ἡδεῖα ἡδύ sweet, pleasant adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
νόσος νόσου, ὁ disease, sickness noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
λίθος λίθου, ὁ stone noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
παλαιός –ά –όν old, ancient adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
ἀφίημι, ἀφήσω, ἀφῆκα, ἀφεῖκα, ἀφεῖμαι, ἀφείθην send away, let go; let alone, neglect verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
ἄλλως otherwise adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
πρᾶξις πράξεως, ἡ action, transaction, business noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
σαφής σαφές clear, distinct, plain adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
σοφός –ή –όν wise, clever, skilled adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
νικάω, νικήσω, ἐνίκησα, νενίκηκα, νενίκημαι, ἐνικήθην conquer, win verb: contracted War and Peace 346
ὁμολογέω, ὁμολογήσω, ὡμολόγησα, ὡμολόγηκα, ὡμολόγημαι, ὡμολογήθην agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
ναός (νεώς) ναοῦ (νεώ), ὁ temple noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
αὖ, αὖθις moreover; on the other hand; back (again) adverb Particles 349
πατρίς πατρίδος, ἡ fatherland noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
ὀξύς ὀξεῖα ὀξύ sharp, keen, shrill, pungent adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
καίτοι (καί-τοι) and indeed, and yet adverb Particles 352
πλέον more, rather adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
πλέων πλέον more, larger (comp. of πολύς) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
γνώμη γνώμης, ἡ thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
τιμή τιμῆς, ἡ honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
μεταξύ between adverb Direction 357
προσήκω προσήξω belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
πρίν before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
πρίν before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
ἀδικέω, ἀδικήσω, ἠδίκησα, ἠδίκηκα, ἠδίκημαι, ἠδικήθην do wrong; injure verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
στρατηγός –οῦ, ὁ leader of an army, commander, general noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
οὐκέτι no longer, no more adverb Time 362
πρέσβυς πρέσβεως, ὁ old man; (pl.) ambassadors noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
παύω, παύσω, ἔπαυσα, πέπαυκα, πέπαυμαι, ἐπαύθην stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
τελευτάω, τελευτήσω, ἐτελεύτησα, τετελεύτηκα, τετελεύτημαι, ἐτελευτήθην finish; die verb: contracted Life and Death 365
μίγνυμι, μείξω, ἔμειξα, μέμειγμαι, ἐμείχθην mix, mingle verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
λαός λαοῦ, ὁ the people, folk noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
θυγάτηρ θυγατρός, ἡ daughter noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
οἰκία οἰκίας, ἡ building, house, dwelling noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
παραδίδωμι, παραδώσω, παρέδωκα, παραδέδωκα, παραδέδομαι, παρεδόθην transmit, hand over, surrender verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
ἔξω outside; except adverb Direction 371
νῆσος νήσου, ἡ island noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
ἐκεῖ there adverb Direction 373
ἐπιστήμη –ης, ἡ knowledge, understanding, skill noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
ἐάω, ἐάσω, εἴασα allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
θαυμάζω, θαυμάσομαι, ἐθαύμασα, τεθαύμακα, τεθαύμασμαι, ἐθαυμάσθην to be in awe (of), be astonished (at) verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
αἰσθάνομαι, αἰσθήσομαι, 2 aor. ᾐσθόμην, ᾔσθημαι perceive, understand, hear, learn verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
χαίρω, χαιρήσω, κεχάρηκα, κεχάρημαι, ἐχάρην to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
χαλεπός –ή –όν difficult, troublesome adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
τέκνον τέκνου, τό child noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
καταλαμβάνω, καταλήψομαι, κατέλαβον, κατείληφα, κατείλημμαι, κατελήφθην seize, catch up with, arrest, compel verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
μάχομαι, μαχοῦμαι, ἐμαχεσάμην, μεμάχημαι fight (against) (+dat.) verb: deponent War and Peace 382
μιμνήσκω, -μνήσω, -έμνησα, pf. μέμνημαι, ἐμνήσθην remind; (in pf. mid.) remember verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
θνῄσκω, 2 aor. -έθανον, τέθνηκα, θανοῦμαι to die, be dying verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα, λέλυκα, λέλυμαι, ἐλύθην loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
τιμάω, τιμήσω, ἐτίμησα, τετίμηκα, τετίμημαι, ἐτιμήθην to honor verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
τεῖχος τείχους, τό wall noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
ἴσως equally, probably, perhaps adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
αἴρω, ἀρῶ, ἦρα, ἦρκα, ἦρμαι, ἤρθην take up, lift up; remove verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
ἀποκτείνω, ἀποκτενῶ, ἀπέκτεινα, ἀπέκτονα kill verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
στρατιώτης –ου, ὁ soldier noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
ἄνευ without (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
πότερος ποτέρα πότερον which of the two? πότερον whether adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
ἁπλῶς simply, singly, in one way adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
πίπτω, πεσοῦμαι, ἔπεσον, πέπτωκα fall, fall down verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
τέταρτος –η –ον fourth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
κατασκευάζω, κατασκευάσω, κατεσκεύασα equip, furnish, make ready verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
ἐχθρός –ά –όν hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
ἀγών ἀγῶνος, ὁ contest; struggle noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
κωλύω, κωλύσω, ἐκώλυσα, κεκώλυκα, κεκώλυμαι, ἐκωλύθην hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
ἁμαρτάνω, ἁμαρτήσομαι, ἡμάρτησα, 2 aor. ἥμαρτον, ἡμάρτηκα, ἡμάρτημαι, ἡμαρτήθην miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
διαφθείρω, διαφθερῶ, διέφθειρα, διέφθαρκα, διέφθαρμαι, διεφθάρην destroy; corrupt verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
πως (enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way adverb Particles 403
πόνος πόνου, ὁ work, labor; stress, trouble, pain noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
ἔνθα there adverb Direction 405
τάξις τάξεως, ἡ arrangement, order; military unit noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
πειράω (usually mid. πειράομαι), πειράσομαι, ἐπείρασα, πεπείραμαι, ἐπειράθην attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.) verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
φοβέω, φοβήσω, ἐφόβησα, πεφόβημαι, ἐφοβήθην put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
βάλλω, βαλῶ, 2 aor. ἔβαλον, βέβληκα, βέβλημαι, ἐβλήθην throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
πονηρός –ά –όν worthless, bad, wicked adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
ξένος ξένου, ὁ guest-friend; foreigner, stranger noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
βάρβαρος –ον non-Greek, foreign; barbarous adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
ὅπου where, wherever conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
συμφέρω, συνοίσω, 1 aor. συνήνεγκα benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
πυνθάνομαι, πεύσομαι, 2 aor. ἐπυθόμην, πέπυσμαι learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
δοῦλος δούλου, ὁ slave noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
τέμνω, τεμῶ, 2 aor. ἔτεμον, -τέτμηκα, τέτμημαι, ἐτμήθην cut, cut down, cut to pieces verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
χρήσιμος χρησίμη χρήσιμον useful, serviceable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
ποῖος ποία ποῖον what sort of? adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
ὅπλον ὅπλου, τό weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.) noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
πίστις πίστεως, ἡ trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
ὑπολαμβάνω, ὑπολήψομαι, ὑπέλαβον, ὑπείληφα, ὑπείλημμαι, ὑπελήφθην take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
ποιητής –οῦ, ὁ creator, poet noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
λανθάνω, λήσω, ἔλαθον, λέληθα escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
βελτίων βέλτιον better (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
πάντως altogether, in all ways; at any rate adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
πορεύω, πορεύσω, ἐπόρευσα, πεπόρευμαι, ἐπορεύθην carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
ἀποκρίνω, ἀποκρινῶ, ἀπεκρινάμην, ἀπεκρίθη separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
πέντε five adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
κίνδυνος κινδύνου, ὁ danger noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
κατηγορέω, κατηγορήσω, κατηγόρησα, κατηγόρηκα, κατηγόρημαι, κατηγορήθην to speak against, to accuse (+gen.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
τρέπω, τρέψω, ἔτρεψα, τέτροφα, ἐτράπην turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
ὅμως nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
ὅμως nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
θεῖος θεία θεῖον divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
ἱππεύς ἱππέως, ὁ horseman, rider, charioteer noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
κτάομαι, κτήσομαι, ἐκτησάμην, κέκτημαι get, gain, acquire verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
λείπω, λείψω, ἔλιπον, λέλοιπα, λέλειμμαι, ἐλείφθην leave, abandon verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
βουλή βουλῆς, ἡ will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
ἐλπίς ἐλπίδος, ἡ hope; expectation noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
γραφή γραφῆς, ἡ a drawing, painting, writing; indictment noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
τίκτω, τέξω or τέξομαι, ἔτεκον, τέτοκα, τέτεγμαι, ἐτέχθην beget, give birth to, produce verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
κομίζω, κομιῶ, ἐκόμισα, κεκόμικα, κεκόμισμαι, ἐκομίσθην take care of, provide for verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
θυμός θυμοῦ, ὁ life, spirit; soul, heart, mind noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
βλέπω, βλέψομαι, ἔβλεψα see, look (at) verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
φόβος φόβου, ὁ panic, fear, flight noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
πολιτεία –ας, ἡ constitution, citizenship, republic noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
στάδιον σταδίου, τό (pl. στάδια and στάδιοι) stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
φρονέω, φρονήσω, ἐφρόνησα think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.) verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
τοιόσδε τοιάδε τοιόνδε such (as this), of such a sort (as this) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
ὁρμάω, ὁρμήσω, ὥρμησα, ὥρμηκα, ὥρμημαι, ὡρμήθην set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on verb: contracted Movement 450
παρασκευάζω, παρασκευάσω, παρεσκεύασα get ready, prepare, provide verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
λαλέω, λαλήσω, ἐλάλησα, λελάληκα, ἐλαλήθην talk, chatter, babble verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
δράω, δράσω, ἔδρασα, δέδρακα, δέδραμαι, ἐδράσθην do, accomplish verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
σκοπέω, σκοπήσω, ἐσκόπησα look at, watch; look into, consider, examine verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
βοῦς βοός, ὁ/ἡ bull, ox, cow noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
ἡμέτερος ἡμετέρα ἡμέτρον our adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
γράμμα γράμματος, τό letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s) noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
ἐρωτάω, ἐρήσομαι, 2 aor. ἠρόμην ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
πολεμέω, πολεμήσω, ἐπολέμησα, πεπολέμηκα make war verb: contracted War and Peace 459
θύω, θύσω, ἔθυσα, τέθυκα, τέθυμαι, ἐτύθην sacrifice verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
ἐλαύνω, ἐλῶ, ἤλασα, -ελήλακα, ἐλήλαμαι, ἠλάθην drive, set in motion verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
δέδοικα, δείσομαι, ἔδεισα fear verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
σύμμαχος –ον allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
ἡγεμών ἡγεμόνος, ὁ guide, leader, commander noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
βαρύς βαρεῖα βαρύ heavy, grievous, tiresome adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
ὧδε thus, in this way; hither, here adverb Direction 466
αἰσχρός –ά –όν ugly, shameful, disgraceful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
εἰρήνη εἰρήνης, ἡ peace noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
ἁλίσκομαι, ἁλώσομαι, 2 aor. ἑάλων, ἑάλωκα to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω) verb: deponent War and Peace 469
δέκα ten adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
ἀμείνων ἄμεινον better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
χείρων χεῖρον worse, inferior (comp. of κακός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
βοηθέω, βοηθήσω, ἐβοήθησα, βεβοήθηκα help, assist (+dat.) verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
λαμπρός –ά –όν bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
ἀπαλλάσσω, ἀπαλλάξω, ἀπήλλαξα, ἀπήλλαχα, ἀπήλλαγμαι, ἀπηλλάχθην or ἀπηλλάγην set free, release, deliver verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
βουλεύω βουλεύσω, ἐβούλευσα, βεβούλευκα, βεβούλευμαι, ἐβουλεύθην plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
μάλα very, very much adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
αἰτέω, αἰτήσω, ᾔτησα, ᾔτηκα, ᾔτημαι, ᾐτήθην ask (for), beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
σωτηρία σωτηρίας, ἡ safety, deliverance noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
ἆρα [introduces a question] adverb Particles 480
διώκω, διώξομαι, ἐδίωξα, δεδίωχα, ἐδιώχθην pursue verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
δαίμων δαίμονος, ὁ/ἡ spirit, god, demon noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
οὐκοῦν surely then (inviting assent to an inference) adverb Particles 483
γλῶσσα γλώσσης, ἡ tongue; language noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
ἑπτά seven adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
τολμάω, τολμήσω, ἐτόλμησα, τετόλμηκα, τετόλμημαι, ἐτολμήθην have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
δεσπότης –ου, ὁ master (of the household); absolute ruler noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
εἰκός εἰκότος, τό likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
ἄδικος ἄδικον unjust adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
εἴκοσι(ν) twenty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
μυρίος μυρία μυρίον countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
αὐτίκα at once, immediately adverb Time 492
δέκατος –η –ον tenth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
βαίνω, βήσομαι, 2 aor. ἔβην, βέβηκα walk, come, go verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
περ [enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis] adverb Particles 495
ἐλεύθερος ἐλευθέρα ἐλεύθερον free, independent adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
στρατιά –ᾶς, ἡ army noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
ἀμφί about, around preposition Direction 498
συμφορά –ᾶς, ἡ event, circumstance, misfortune noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
ἑκατόν hundred adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
νίκη νίκης, ἡ victory noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
ἔπος ἔπους, τό word, speech, tale; prophecy noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
στρατός –οῦ, ὁ army noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
φράζω, φράσω, ἔφρασα, πέφρακα, πέφρασμαι, ἐφράσθην tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
ἀργύριον ἀργυρίου, τό money noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
τριάκοντα thirty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
ἕξ six adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
πεμπτός –ή –όν fifth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
μάρτυς μάρτυρος, ὁ/ἡ witness noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
χαλκοῦς –ῆ –οῦν of copper or bronze adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
ἕβδομος –η –ον seventh adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
ποῦ where pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
ναί indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation) adverb Particles 513
φῶς φωτός, τό light, daylight noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
ὀκτώ eight adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
ἕκτος –η –ον sixth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
τριακοστός –ή –όν thirtieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
ἐννέα nine adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
πότε when? adverb Time 519
ὄγδοος –η –ον eighth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
ἔνατος –α –ον ninth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
εἰκοστός –ή –όν twentieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
ἀγγέλλω, ἀγγελῶ, ἤγγειλα, ἤγγελκα, ἤγγελμαι, ἠγγέλθην report, tell verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
ἑκατοστός –ή –όν hundredth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524

Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list