Uses in Independent Clauses

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315. The uses of the Sub. and Opt. in independent Clauses have been shown to fall in each case into two main groups. Ibm one set of meanings the Mood expresses desire on tὰe part f tθe sρeaέὲer; to this belong the Subj. of command and prohibition, and the Opt. of μwiκὰ. In the other the Mood is a kind of Future; the Subj. being an emphatic or confident Future (like οαr Future ςwith ςὰαtt), the Opt. a softened Future, expressing expectation, or mere admission of possibility (the English πααν or 22οnd).

These two sets of meanmgs may be called the ' quasi-Impera- tive,' and the b quasi-Future.' VWe must remember however that they are not alςways clearl y separable, but are connected by trans- itional or intermediate uses: such as (e.g.) the Subj. which ex- presses πecesςi5 (ἡ 277), and the Opt. of cοnceςσiοα (§ 299.d).