Accusative and Infinitive

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237. Along with the use of the Infinitive as an abstract Noun, we find in Homer the lhater use by which it is in sense the Verb of a dependent Clause, the Subject of the Clause being in the Accusative.

In the examples of the Acc. with the infinitive we may distinguish the follovwing varieties or stages of the idiom.

  1. The Ace. has a grammatical construction ςwith the govern- ing Verb.
    Il. 1.313 λαοὺς δʼ Ἀτρείδης ἀπολυμαίνεσθαι ἄνωγε gaππueρmποn οradered re ρeορίe to ρuτgγ tὰeρmretνeς (πκ that they should pαrifγ).
    5. 601 οἷον δὴ θαυμάζομεν Eκτορα δῖον αἶχμητήν τʼ ἔμεναι κτλ. ( for ὁeiπg a μwaττίοr, 2ow 2e μwas a κwαττίοr).

    This might be calleddd the παtraί Ace. with the nfinitive.

  2. The Acc. has not a sufficient construction ςwith the Vαrb alone, but may be used if it is accompanied by an Infinitive of the tiiμng or fact.
    βούλομʼ ἐγὼ λαὸν σῶν ἔμμεναι ἱ wiςὰ tie ρeoρe to be πqfe (the safety of the people).
    οὕνεκʼ ἄκουσε τείρεσθαι Γρῶας ὁecaμuse ἀe ἢeard of the ἴbqanς θeiππ9 ἄard pressed.
    τῷ οὐ νεμεσίζομʼ Ἀχαιοὺς ἀσχαλάαν μwὰergfοre do nnοt tᾖiaak it a sἀaρme in iRe Greeς to chafe.

    In this construction the logical object is the fact or actiοnα given by the nfinitive, to which the Ace. furnishes a Subject or aaαρeut, and thus turns it from an abstract Noun to a predication (so that e.θ. τείρεσθαι Γρῶας is virtually2π. ὅτι ἐτείροντο Γρῶες). br is found with Verbs that usually take only a ' Cognate Ace.' (Neuter Pronoun, 8c., as φημί, εἶπον, ἀκούω, πυνθάνομαι. οἶδα, ὀίω, φρονέω, ἐθέλω, βούλομαι, ἔλπομαι, νεμεσίζομαι, φθονέω, 8Cc. Γhus it is in principle a particαlar form of the ccνuπαtiνς de ᾳuο (see C 140.3.b, also ἦ 234.3).

  3. The Acc. has no construction except as the Subject of the nfinitive. This Ace. is chiefly found in Homer-

    (α) after mpersonal Verbs (5 162, 4):

    Il. 18. 329 ἄμφω γὰρ πέπρωται ὁμοίην γαῖαν ἐρεῦσαι iht σ2ted for ὐοtὰ to ᾖπ.
    19. 182 οὐ μὲν γάρ τι νεμεσσητὸν βασιλῆα ἄνδρʼ ἀπαρέσσασθαι it is πο sἀaρe taαt a ἑiππ9 εἄομκld ᾖc.

    (b) after πρί and πάρος; as πρὶν ἐλθεῖν υἷας Ἀχαιῶν ore tie reeὲς caρme, πάρος τάδε ἔργα γενέσθαι ὁηfοre teςe taiπρς came to pass.

    The other examples are from the Odyssey, viz.-

    Od. 4. 210 ὡς νῦν Νέστορι δῶκε διαμπερὲς ἥματα πάντα
    αὐτὸν μὲν λιπαρῶς γηρασκέμεν (10- 533, 14. 193).

    This may be called the purely idiomatic Acc. with the Infinitive. It has evidently been formed on the analogy of the older varieties.