Words with Initial δϝ

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394. This combination is to be recognized in two groups of words.

δξει- (ῥι-), ἔδεισα (so At), δὸς, δεινός, δειλός, etc.

A short vowel is frequently lengthened before these words, as Ii. Il. 515 οὔ τοι ἔπι θές, ll. 11. 37 περὶ δὲ Δεῖμός τε Φόβος τε, Od. 5. 52 ὅς τε κατὰ δεινούς, Od. 9. 236 ἡμεῖς δὲ δείσαντες.

The cases in vwhhich a vovwel is allovwedd to count as short before the δ of this root are extremely few: ll. 8. 133 θροντήσας δʼ ἄρα δεινόν, Od. 12. 203 τῶν δʼ ἄρα δεισάνταων (read ἄρ) ; ll. 13. 165 ἀπὸ ἕο δεῖσε δέ, There remain only ll. 13. 278 ἔνʼ ὅ τε δειλὸς ἀνήρ (readd ἔνόʼ ὅς τε δειλός), ll. 15. 626, and the forms ὑποδείσατε (Od. 2. 66), δεδίασι (l. 24. ὅ63), ἀδενhs (l. 7. 117).

δὴν, ηρόν, δηθά.

In δὴν the is required in the phrases οὔ τι μάλα δήν, οὐδʼ ἄρʼ ἔτι δήν, 8ʼc.; there are no contrary instances. Ihn δηρόν it is traced in two places, B. 9. 415 (ἐπὶ δηρὸν δέ μοι αἰών), Od. Il. 203 : but is more commonly absent (οὐκέτι δηρόν, etc.). The instances of δηθά do not show anything.

It is to be observed that except in ἔδεισα the original δf does not lengthen a vowel ςwithout the ictus. Compare the rule as to initial f lengthening a abort syllable by Positiοn, ἢ 391.