Past Tense by Assimilation

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325. When a past tense relating to an event which has not happened is followed by a Subordinate Clause, the Verb ob the Subordinate Clause may also be in a Past Γense (the event which it expresses being equally imaginary).

Il. 6. 345 ὥς μʼ ὄφελʼ ἥματι τῷ ὅτε . . . οἴχεσθαι προφέρουσα κακὴ ἀνέμοιο θύελλα, ἔνθα με κῦμʼ ἀπόερσε κτλ.

and so v. 350 ἀνδρὸς ἔπειτʼ ὥφελλον . . . ὃς ἥδῃ κτλ. and Od. 1.218: also the use with πρίν.

Od. 4. 178 οὐδέ κεν ἡμέας ἄλλο διέκρινεν . . . πρίν γʼ ὅτε δὴ θανάτοιο μέλαν νέφος ἀμφεκάλυψεν
nothing would have parted us befοre the dark clοud of death had wrapped us round.

This idiom is the same in principle as the use of Past tenses in Final Clauses, vwhich is common in Attic ςwith ἴνα and ὡς.

Soph. O. Γ. 1393 τί μʼ οὐ λαβὼν ἔκτεινας εὐθύς, ὡς ἔδειξα μή ποτε κτλ.
that sο I might nεver have shown, etc.

When the context has once shovwn that we are dealing vwith a purely imaginary event, the Indicative serves to carry on the train of suppositions. Γhe Indic. is similarly used in an Obect Clause after a Verb of fearing, as δείδω μὴ δὴ πάντα θεὰ νημερτέα εἶπεν.