ἐνί

Book Nav

220. The prepositiοn ἐνί (also εἰνί, εἰν, ἐν) means within, in; it is used adverbially

Il. 5.740 ἐν δʼ ἔρις, ἐν δʼ ἀλκή etc.

in tmesis

ἔν τʼ ἄρα οἱ φῦ χειρί

and with a (locatival) dative.

Notice, as departures from the strict local sense, the uses

  1. With plurals denoting persons ( = μετά among).

    ἐν ὑμῖν (Il. 9.121, 528, 10.445)

    ἐν πᾶσι (Od. 2.194, 16.378)

    ἐνὶ σφίσι (Il. 23.703)

  2. With abstract words (rare in the Iliad).

    ἐν πάντεσσι πόνοισι (Il. 10.245, 279)

    ἐν πάντεσσʼ ἔργοισι (Il. 23.671)

    ἐν ἄλγεσι (Il. 24.568)

    θαλίῃ ἔνι (Il. 9.143, 285)

    ἐν νηπιέῃ (Il. 9.491)

    ἐν φιλότητι

    ἐν μοίρῃ aright (Il. 19.186)

    αἴσῃ ἐν ἀργαλέῃ (Il. 22.61)

    ἐν Καρὸς αἴσῃ (Il. 9.378)

    ἐν δὲ ἰῇ τιμῇ (Il. 9.319)

These two uses are nearly confined in the Iliad to books 9, 10, 23, 24.