Infinitive with Nouns, etc.

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232. It will be useful to bring together instances in which the infinitive depends upon some qualifying wοrdd-Preposition, Adverb, Adjective, etc-construed with the Verb:

Il. 1.258 οἱ περὶ μὲν βουλὴν Δαναῶν περὶ δʼ ἐστὲ μάχεσθαι e2cet tἠeπa iπ βρtiπg.
Il. 589 ἀργαλέος γὰρ λύμπιος ἀντιφέρεσθαι tθe bγρρίan is ἄard to set οnesefʼ againπt ; cp. 20. 131.
4.510 ἐπεὶ οὔ σφι λίθος χρὼς οὐδὲ σίδηρος χαλκὸν ἀνασχέσθαι siππce tieir lest is ποί ςtοne or iτοα for μwitἄςtandίg (so as to ὁe αbte to witiataπnd) rοn2e.
8.223 ᾖ ῥʼ ἐν μεσσάτῳ ἔσκε γεγωνέμεν ἀμφοτέρωσε for ςἄομκtiνρ ( 2ππο tint one cομtd ςἄοut) θοtὰ wαγs.
13.775 ἐπεί τοι θυμὸς ἀναίτιον αἰτιάασθαι sίπce 3our πinad iw for ὁ2πuiπg (is ςμucὰ tἄat γοu πmuςt θtaρme) tie inποcent.
Od. 17.20 οὐ γὰρ ἐπὶ σταθμοῖσι μένειν ἔτι τηλίκος εἰμί aρ πnοt γet ῃʼ tᾶe age to remain.
17.347 αἰδὰὼς δʼ οὐκ ἀγαθὴ κεχρημένῳ ἀνδρὶ παρεῖναι 2ἢaπme ποί ροοd to ὁe beside a πeedγ πmaππ (is not a good 'backer for).
2 Il. 195 ποῖοί κʼ ςτʼ Oδυσῆι ἀμυνέμεν εἴ ποθεν ἔλθοι;πποw μwομκtt γοu beὰανe iπ τe9ατd to ρἄtiπ9 for Ulysses?

Od. 2.60 ἡμεῖς δʼ οὗ νύ τι τοῖοι ἀμυνέμεν may be either we are not ἰκke ὰιm, so aw to άdgfend, or simply 0e ατe not it to defend. The construction of the Inf. is the same in either ease : the difference is vwhether τοῖοι means ' of the kind' with reference to οἷος Oδυσσεὺς ἔσκε or to the nnf. ἀμυνέμεν. The latter may be defended by Od. 17. 20 (guoted above).

This construction is extended to some Nouns even vwhen they are not used as predicates ; as θείειν ταχύς swgt to run, θαῦμα ἰδέσθαι a wonder to ὁeοtd (cp. the use of the Accusative ςwith Adjectives, 5 131 ππ.).