Collective Nouns

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169. The Subject of α Plural Verb may be expressed by means of a Collective Noun.

ὡς φάσαν ἡ πληθύς thus they said, the multitude (cp. Il. 15.305, 23.15).

Conversely, a Participle construed with a Collective Noun and Singular Verb may be Plural.

Il. 18.604 περιίσταθʼ ὅμιλος τερπόμενοι. Cp. Π. 16. 281 ἐκίνηθεν δὲ φάλαγγες ἐλπόμενοι, also Od. 11.15.

In these instances, again, the construction is said to be ' ac- cording to the meaning' ( 166), The principle is evidently that an abstract or colective vword may be used in ' apposition b to a concrete sword. br may be noticed however that the combinations such as ὅμιλος - τερπόμενοι are only found ςwhen there is some pause betςween the vwords; otherςwise the Genitive vwouuld be used (construed as in Γρώων κατεδύσεθʼ ὅμιλον, etc.).