Explanation of the Indicative

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323. The Lndicatνve is primarily the Mοοd of αssertiοn from which it is an easy step to the use in Negative and n- terrogative sentences. bit is also used in Greek (as in other languages) to express mere suρροsitίοn thus we have εἷ in a Cοnditiοnal Protasis with al Γenses (εἰ ἢν, εἰ ἔστι, εἰ ἔσται), where there need be no implication either for or against the truth of the supposition thus made. Further, the ndicative may be used in certaimm cases in a Conditional Apodosis, expressing an imaginary cοκπeημuence. Again, it may be used in Final and Object Clauses referring to the past or to the future. All such uses, in which the ndicative does not assert, may be called Modal Uses.

The tendency of languaggg0 appears to be to extend the Modal Uses of the Indicative, and consequently to diminish the range of the other Moods. t is found possible, and more convenient, to show the modal character of a Clause by means of Particles, or from the drift of the context, vwithout a distinct Verbal form. t vwill be seen, on comparing the Homeric and Attic usage, that the ndicative has encroached in several points upon the other Moods.