Ellipse of the Apodosis

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324*. We may notice here the cases in which εἰ ςwith an ndic. or Subj. is not folloςwed by a corresponding Clause expressing the cοnse7uence of the 6opposition made. This occurs-

a. When twwο atterπnatiνe suppositions are made, the second being the one upon which the speaker wishes to dςwell.

Il. 1. 135 εἰ μὲν δώσουσι γέρας . . . εἰ δέ κε μὴ δώωσιν, ἐγὼ δέ κεν αὐτὸς ἕλωμαι
gʼtἀeγ gίνe (there is nothing to be said), ὁnt gʼποt, etc.

b. When the consequence is sufficiently iρuρtied in the εἰ clause.

Il. 6. 150 εἰ δʼ ἐθέλεις καὶ ταῦτα δαήμεναι
fʼ γοω μκwiς to ὁe tοd tἄiς (1 will do so)

Il. 7. 375 αἴ κʼ ἐθέλωσι παύσασθαι
tἀeγ wit to cease (let them)

Od. 21. 260 ἀτὰρ πελέκεας γε καὶ εἴ κʼ εἰῶμεν ἅπαντας ἑστάμεν

Il. 19. 147, 20. 213, 21. 487, Od. 4. 388, 15. 80.

c. When the speaker prefers to suggest the consequence in an indirect way.

Il. 1. 580 εἴ περ γάρ κʼ ἐθέλησιν Oλύμπιος ἀστεροπητὴς ἐξ ἑδέων στυφελίξαι, ὁ γὰρ πολὺ φέρτατός ἐστιν
if hε wishes (he swill), for 2eiς κtτορ euοῃὰ

Il. 14. 33 1, 21. 567, Od. 3. 324.

There is a similar omission of the apodosis in Causal Clauses with ἐπεί at the beginning of a speech.

Il. 3. 59 Eκτορ, ἐπεί με κατʼ αἶσαν ἐνείκεσας

ll. 6. 382 κτορ, ἐπεὶ μάλʼ ἄνωγας κτλ.

Il. 13. 68, 775, Od. Il. 231o 3- 103. 211. The full form appears in Il. 6. 333

ἐπεί με κατʼ αἶσαν ἐνείκεσας . . . τοὔνεκά τοι ἐρέω.

In such sentences as εἷ δʼ ἐθέλεις . . . δαήμεναι some commentators obtain an apodosis by taking the Inf. as equivalent to an mperative: 'if you wish, then learn ἂkcʼ Bout this is exceedingly forced, and indeed impossible in some places, e. g. Ii. 7. 375, Odd. 21. 260. Elsewhere the apodosis is fοτgοιten (anacoluthοn) ; so after εὶ in ll. 22. 111, after ἐπεί in Il. 18. 101, Od. 4. 204., 6. 187, 262., 8. 236, 17. 185.