It may be remarked here, as a point of difference between the two kinds of verbal noun, that the aorist participle almost always represents an action as past at the time given by the verb (e.g. ὣς εἰπὼν κατʼ ἄρʼ ἕζετο having thus spoken he sat down), whereas the aorist infinitive generally conveys no notion of time. This however is not from the participle itself conveying any notion of past time. Indeed it is worth notice that the participles which are without tense meaning are chiefly aorists in form (§ 243.1).
The future participle is used predicatively with verbs of motion.
came to ransom
went to call
ἐπέδραμε τεύχεα συλήσων, etc.
The exceptions to this rule are
- ἐσσόμενος future
Il 1.70 τά τʼ ἐσσόμενα πρό τ’ ἐόντα
things future and past
Il. 2.119 καὶ ἐσσομένοισι πυθέσθαι
Il. 5.46 (16.343) νύξʼ ἵππων ἐπιβησόμενον
Il. 23.379 αἰεὶ γὰρ δίφρου ἐπιβησομένοισιν ἐΐκτην
But see § 41.
- Il. 18.309 καί τε κτανέοντα κατέκτα, see § 63.
- Od. 11.608 αἰεὶ βαλέοντι ἐοικώς
like one about to cast.