Classification of Particles

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329. Under the term particles it is convenient to group together a number of words that are mainly used to shoςw the relations betςween other words, and betςween Clauses. In respect ob this office they are akin to the various syllables or letters used as Endings: and with them go to constitute what are called the formal elementsb of the language, in contradistinction to the roots or stems which compose its "matter."

The Particles which connect successive Clauses in any way form the Cοηfuπctiοnς. As such they may be distinguished, according to the nature of the connexion which they indicate, as copulative (καί, τε, ὴbέ, etc.), adversative (8, ἀλλά, αὁτάρ), disjunctive (ἤ . . η), conditional (εὶ, ἄν, κεν), Illative (ἅρα, ή, οὔν), causal (γάρ), etc.