Accentuation of Compound Nouns

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128. The Accent generally falls on the last syllable of the prefixed Stem, or if that is impossible, then as far back as possible; χρυσό-θρονος, ἀελλό-πος, ἐπ-ήρατο-ς (ἐρατό-ς), αἰν-αρέτη-ς (ἀρετή), etc. The chief exceptions are the fοllοw- ing.

  1. When the second Stem ends in -ο and has the force of an Active Participle, it is oxytone, or, if the penult is short, paroxytone; as ὑ-φορβό-ς, δημιο-εργό-ς, τοξο-φόρο-ς. Except Compounds ςwwith Prepositions, as ἐπί-κλοπο-ς, πρό-μαχο-ς, ὑπό- τροπο-ς ; also those in -οχ0ς, and one or tςwo more, πτολί-πορθο-ς, ἀγχί-μολο-ν, ἰππό-δαμος.
  2. Adjectives in -της (Stems in -εσ), Nouns in -2υu-ς, Nouns of the agent in -τηρ and -τη-ς, and Abstract Nouns in -τη and -ιη retain their accent; οἰνοβαρής, ἡνι-οχεύ ς, μηλο-βυτῆρ-ας, ἰππο- κορυστή-ς, ἐπ-ιωγή, ἀρμα-τροχιή, ἀλαοσκοπιή.

    But a feςw Adjectives in -της are barytone, as ὑψι-πέτης, ποδ- ώκης, χαλκ-ήρης, τανυ-ήκης; also the Fem. forms ἠρι-γένεια, ληί- βότειρα, δυσ-αριστο-τόκεια, μισγ-άγκεια.

  3. When the second Stem is a long monosyllable, it is accented : βου-πλήξ, ἀπορρώξ, παρα-βλῶπ-ες, παρα-πλῆγ-ας, ἀ- βλής, 8xc. (ἢ 125, 2). Hence the Fem. forρms βο-ῶπ-ι-ς, γλαυκ- ῶπ-ι-ς, 8Sc. (as if from βο-ώψ, γλαυκ-ώψ, etc.).