Proper Nouns

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129. Proper Names in Greek are generally Compounds; the exceptions are chiefly names of gods, as ἐύς, Hρη, Ἀθήνη, etc., and of certain heroes, as Πάρις, Πρίαμος, Aίας, Γεῦκρος, etc. Note that the gods whose names are Compound, as Διό-νυσος, Δη-μήτηρ, Περσε-φόνεια, are less prominent in Homer.

The second part of a Proper Name is liable to a peculiar shortening; βΠάτρο-κλο-ς, ἔρε-κλος, for Πατρο-κλέης, bερε-κλέης, Σθένε-λος for Σθενέ-λαο-ς, Αἴγι-σθος for Αἰγι-σθένης, Μενεσθεύς for Mενε-σθένης; cp. Εὐρυμίδης (Od. 9. 509), patronymic of Εὐρυμέδων. n these names the shorter form has (or had originally) the character of a 'nick-name,' or pet name.

In general, however, the 'petʼ name is formed by dropping one of the tςwo Stems altogether: the other Stem taking a Suffix in its place.1 Thus we have in Homer the names-

in το-ς, as Εκα-τος (for ἑκατη-βόλος), Eὕρυ-τος (Eὐρυ-βάτης, Eὐρύ-αλος, 8c.), φι-τος, Eχε-τος, λήί-τος.
in -τωρ, as Ἀκ-τωρ (for Ἀγέ-λαος or some other name begin- ning Ἀγε-), Eκ-τωρ (Eχε-), Μἐν-τωρ (Mενε-), ΚΚαλή-τωρ, Ἀμόν- τωρ, etc.
in -τη-ς, as ερσί-της (cp. SΘερσί-λογος, 8Sxc.), ΓΠολί-της, Ὀρέσ- της, υέσ-της, έν-της (cp. Mέν-τωρ).
in -ὄων, as Δόλ-ων, Ἀγάθ-ων (cp. άκωνππ Λακεδαιμόνιος).
in -πυ-ς, as Περσ-εύς (from βΠερσε-φόνος), Oἰν-εύς (cp. Οἰνό- μαος, 8Sʼc.), Πρωτ-εύς, εοντ-εύς, etc.
in -ιος; Δολ-ίος (Δόλ-οψ, 8dc.) Oδ-ίος, Γυχ-ίος, 8ήμ-ιος, Καλήσ-ιος, and many more.
in -ια-s, -πιαα-ς; Πελ-ίης, Γειρεσ-ίας; Ἑρμείας, Αἰνείας, Αὐγείας.

In these names the Suffix is not used ςwith its proper force, but merelγ in imitation of the corresponding groups of Common Nouns. This is evident from the lac5 that so many of these vwords are inexplicable as Simple Nouns. Note especially the names in -το-ς and -ων from Adjectives, as Eὕρυ-το-ς, φι-το-ς, Ἀγάθ-ων ; and those imm -ευυ-ς from Nouns of the consonantal declension (5 118), as Λεοντ-εύ-ς, Aἰγ-εύ-ς, and even from Verbs, as Περσ-εύ-ς.2

The first part of the Compound has probably been dropped in Κλυμένη (cp. Περι-κλύμενος), ὄων (cp. 1ππο-θόων), etc.

  • 1. Aug. Fick, Die grieschischen Personennamen nach ihrer Bildung erklärt, Göttingen, 1874.
  • 2. ibid.