Athematic Reduplicated Present

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16. These presents are formed by reduplication, usually of the initial consonant with ῐ.

τίθη-σι
puts

δίδω-μι
I give

ἵη-σι (for σίση-σι?)
sends

ἱστᾶσι (σι-στᾰ-)
they set

πιμπλᾶσι1
they fill

δίδη
bound

βιβά-ς
striding

with Attic reduplication ὀνίνη-σι (for ὀν-ονη-) benefits, perhaps also ἵλη-θι be appeased (ἵλα-μαι I propitiate Hom. H. xxi. 5: stem ῑ̔λα for σι-σλᾰ, Meyer, G. G. p. 437).

In these present stems the quantity of the vowel in the stem regularly varies under the rules laid down in § 6.1.

The vowel is long in ἐμ-πίπλη-θι (Il. 21. 311), ἵλη-θι, δίδω-θι (Od. 3. 380)2 and the infinitive τιθή-μεναι (Il. 23. 83, 247) and participle τιθή-μενος (Il. 10. 34). Also in δίζη-μαι (seek; for *δι-διη-), the Homeric verb answering to Attic ζη-τέω.

ἵημι is now generally connected with Latin sero (for si-so, cp. ἵστημι sisto). Earlier scholars (as Bopp) derived it from the root yā (Latin ja-c-io). Possibly it represents both σί-σημι (sā-) and ἰ-ιημι (yā-). In meaning it is much nearer to jacio than to sero.

  • 1. The -μ- is euphonic: it is dropped after μ- in ἐμ-πίπλη-θι.
  • 2. The variation is perhaps less regular in the imperative; cp. κλῦ-θι. In Sanskrit the 3rd singular imperative has the strong stem.