Final -α

Book Nav


374. The metrical considerations which lead us to recognise -ι in the Dat. Sing. might be urged, though ςwith less force, in favour of an original -dἄ as the ending of the Neut. Plur. We have-

ll. 5. 745 (ππ 8. 389) ἐς δʼ ὄχεα φλόγεα ποσὶ βήσετο.

Il. 8. 556 φαίνετʼ ἀριπρεπέα, ὅτε κτλ.

Il. 11. 678 (Od. 14. 100) τόσα πώεα οἰῶν (ν.t. μήλων).

Il 20. 255 πόλλʼ ἐτεά τε καὶ οὐκί.

Il. 21. 352 τὰ περὶ καλὰ ῥέεθρα.

Il. 23. 240 ἀριφραδέα δὲ τέτυκται.

Il. 24. 7 ὁπόσα τολύπευσε.

Od. 9. 109 ἄσπαρτα καὶ ἀνήροτα.

Od. 10. 353 πορφύρεα καθύπερθʼ.

Od. 12. 396 ὀπταλέα τε καὶ ὠμά.

Od. 14. 343 ῥωγαλέα, τὰ καὶ αὐτός.

Od. 23. 225 ἀριφραδέα κατέλεξας.

In the majority ob these instances, however, the final α is preceded by the vowel ε, from which it ςwas originally separated by a spirant (ὄχεσ-α, πορφύρε-ι-α). Cp. Π. Il. 45 ἀμφηρεφέα τε φαρέτρην, 5. 576 Πυλαιμένεα ἑλέτην, 5. 827 Ἀρηᾶ τό γε, 14. 329 ΓΠερσῆᾶ πάντων, Od. Il. 40 ἐκ γὰρ ρέσταο τίσις. As tςwο suc- cessive vovwels are often found to interchange their quantity (βασιλῆα, βασιλέα), so perhaps, even when the first voςwel re- tains its metrical value, there may be a slight transference of quantity, sufficient to allow the final vοςwel. when reinforced by the ictnr, to cοunnt as a long syllable. Cp. ἡ 375.3

The scanning ἔα (in ll. 4. 321 εἰ τότε κοῦρος ἔα νῦν κτλ., Cp- 5. 887, Od. 14. 352) may be explained by transference of quantity, from ἥα.