Dative with the Infinitive

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239. An idiomatic use of the Dative arises when the Noun which stands as logical subject to an Inf. of ρuτροve is put in the same Case with it, i.e. in the Dative. Thus the construction in- αἰσχρὸν γὰρ τόδε γʼ ἐστὶ καὶ ἐσσομένοισι πυθέσθαι is idiomatic (as compared with σφῶίν δὸς ἄγειν, 8Sdc.), because the meaning is, not 'is shameful for future men,' but 'is shameful for (with a view to) the hearing of future men. The principle is evidently the same as has been pointed out in the case of the Nominative and the Accusative (ἢ 234). Because the actiοκ of the nfinitive stands in a Dative relation to the governing Verb, the agent or Subject of the action is put in the Dative. This construction is founddἄ in the ' double Dativeʼ of Latin (e. g. ἐσσομένοισι συθέσθαι would be in Lsatin pοstsτia αιιάdιtι), and of Sanscrit (Delbruck, ἄ. S. D. 149). t is usually classifiedd as b Attraction -the Dat. of the person being regarded as follovwing the Dat. of the tιιng or action. n Greek it evidently goes back to the time when the mf, was still felt as a Dative.