The Imperative

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327. The Homeric uses of the Imperative present little or no difficulty. We may notice the use in concession, ironical or real.

Il. 4. 2 ἔρδʼ, ἀτὰρ οὔ τοι πάντες ἐπαινέομεν θεοὶ ἄλλοι.

The forms ἄγε and ἄγετε are often combined with other Imperatives for the sake οἱ emphasis: and sometimes ἄγε is treated as indeclinable, and used where the context requires a Plural.

Il. 2. 331 ἀλλʼ ἄγε μίμνετε πάντες κτλ.

So Il. 62., 6. 376, etc.

Similarly ἴθι is a kind of interjection in Il. 4. 352

ἀλλʼ ἴθι, ταῦτα δʼ ὄπισθεν ἀρεσσόμεθʼ κτλ.

and so we have βάσκʼ ἴθι (like εἴπʼ ἄγε). And δεῦτε hither! is evidently an imperative: cp. Il. 14.128 δεῦτʼ ομεν πόλεμονδε. The corresponding 2nd singular doubtless enters into the formation of δεῦρο; but it is not clear how that word is to be analyzed.