Vergil, Aeneid I 657-694

At Cytherēa novās artīs, nova pectore versat

cōnsilia, ut faciem mūtātus et ōra Cupīdō

prō dulcī Ascaniō veniat, dōnīsque furentem

incendat rēgīnam atque ossibus implicet ignem.660

quippe domum timet ambiguam Tyriōsque bilinguīs;

ūrit atrōx Iūnō et sub noctem cūra recursat.

Ergō hīs āligerum dictīs adfātur Amōrem:

'Nāte, meae vīrēs, mea magna potentia, sōlus

nāte patris summī quī tēla Typhōea temnis,665

ad tē cōnfugiō et supplex tua nūmina poscō.

Frāter ut Aenēās pelagō tuus omnia circum

lītora iactētur odiīs Iūnōnis acerbae,

nōta tibi, et nostrō doluistī saepe dolōre.

nunc Phoenissa tenet Dīdō blandīsque morātur670

vōcibus, et vereor quō sē Iūnōnia vertant

hospitia: haud tantō cessābit cardine rērum.

Quōcircā capere ante dolīs et cingere flammā

rēgīnam meditor, nē quō sē nūmine mūtet,

sed magnō Aenēae mēcum teneātur amōre.675

Quā facere id possīs nostram nunc accipe mentem:

Rēgius accītū cārī genitōris ad urbem

Sīdoniam puer īre parat, mea maxima cūra,

dōna ferēns pelagō et flammīs restantia Trōiae;

Hunc ego sōpītum somnō super alta Cythēra680

aut super Īdalium sacrātā sēde recondam,

nē quā scīre dolōs mediusve occurrere possit.

Tū faciem illīus noctem nōn amplius ūnam

falle dolō et nōtōs puerī puer indue vultūs,

ut, cum tē gremiō accipiet laetissima Dīdō685

rēgālīs inter mēnsās laticemque Lyaeum,

cum dabit amplexūs atque ōscula dulcia fīget,

occultum īnspīrēs ignem fallāsque venēnō.'

Pāret Amor dictīs cārae genetrīcis, et ālās

exuit et gressū gaudēns incēdit Iǖlī.690

At Venus Ascaniō placidam per membra quiētem

inrigat, et fōtum gremiō dea tollit in altōs

Īdaliae lūcōs, ubi mollis amāracus illum

flōribus et dulcī aspīrāns complectitur umbrā.

CORE VOCABULARY

Cytherēus, a, um: adj. (Cythēra), Cytherean; subst., Cytherēa, ae, f., the Cytherean goddess; Venus, 1.257.

versō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.: to turn much; writhe, 11.753; turn, 5.408; handle, wield, 9.747; to buffet, drive, beat round and round, 5.460; drive to and fro, 12.664; toss about, 6.362; turn, hurry, 4.286; involve in or distract with, 7.336; with or without mente, pectore, etc., revolve, meditate, devise, consider, 1.657. (vertō)

cupīdō, inis, f.: ardent longing, desire; love, 7.189; ardor, thirst, 9.354; resolve, 2.349; personified, Cupīdō, inis, m., Cupid the son of Venus, and god of love, 1.658. (cupiō)

Ascanius, iī, m.: Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

furō, uī, 3, n.: to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

incendō, cendī, cēnsus, 3, a.: to set fire to, burn, 2.353; kindle, 3.279; illuminate, 5.88; (fig.), of the mind, fire, inflame, 1.660; arouse, rouse to action, 5.719; excite, irritate, enrage, madden, provoke, 4.360; disturb, rend, fill, 10.895.

rēgīna, ae, f.: a queen, 1.9; princess, 1.273. (rēx)

implicō, āvī or uī, ātus or itus, 1, a.,: to fold in; involve, entangle, entwine, 2.215; to wheel, 12.743; (w. dat.), bind to, 11.555; infuse, 1.660; insinuate, mingle, 7.355; sē implicāre, cling to, 2.724.

ambiguus, a, um: adj. (ambigō), uncertain; doubtful, undecided; 5.326; twofold, 3.180; dark, obscure, 2.99; unreliable, treacherous, 1.661; hesitating, uncertain, 5.655; in suspense, 8.580.

Tyrius, a, um: adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

bilinguis, e: adj. (bis and lingua), double-tongued; (fig.), deceitful, treacherous, 1.661.

ūrō, ussī, ūstus, 3, a.: to burn; burn up, 2.37; inflame with love, 4.68; trouble, disturb, torment, 1.662.

atrox, ōcis: adj. (āter), cruel, fierce, relentless, 1.662.

Iūnō, ōnis, f.: Juno, the Sabine and Roman name for the wife and sister of Jupiter, daughter of Saturn, 1.4, et al.; Iūnō īnferna, the Juno of the lower world, Proserpine, 6.138.

recursō, 1, intens. n.: to rush back; come back, recur to the mind, 4.3; return, 1.662.

āliger, era, erum: adj. (āla and gerō), wing-bearing; winged, 1.663.

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

adfor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to speak to; address, 1.663; beseech, supplicate, 2.700; bid adieu, farewell to, 2.644.

amor, ōris, m.: love, affection, in all senses; the passion of love; love, affection, or esteem, in all human relations, as parental, filial, of friends, allies, etc., 4.624, et al.; of gods, 7.769; love, liking, fancy, fondness, preference, for things, 11.583, et al.; freq., the hippomanes, or bunch of flesh supposed to appear on the forehead of a new-foaled colt, and instantly devoured by the dam, unless intercepted, and used as a love-charm, 4.516; personified, Amor, ōris, m., Cupid, Love, the god of love, 1.663; pl., amōrēs, um, m., affections, love, 4.28; mutual love, 5.334. (amō)

potentia, ae, f.: power, force, potency, might, 1.664, et al. (potēns)

Typhoëus, a, um: adj. (Typhōeus), pertaining to the giant Typhoeus; Typhoian, 1.665.

temnō, 3, a.: to despise, disdain, scorn, defy, 1.665; p., temnendus, a, um, to be despised; insignificant, small, 10.737.

cōnfugiō, fūgī, 3, n.: to flee for refuge; flee, 8.493; resort; flee, come for succor, 1.666.

supplex, icis: adj. (supplicō, beseech), kneeling, entreating, suppliant, 3.439; subst., supplex, icis, c., a suppliant, 2.542.

ut (utī): (adv., interrog.), in what manner, how? 1.466, et al.; sometimes with indic. in a dependent question, 6.855; how gladly, 8.154.

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

pelagus, ī, n.: the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

circum: (adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

iactō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.: to throw often or much; toss to and fro; toss, freq.; hurl, cast, 2.459; thrust out, 5.376; aim, 5.433; (fig.), throw out words, utter, say, 1.102; of the mind, revolve, meditate, 1.227; sē iactāre, boast, exalt one's self, rejoice, glory, 1.140; prae sē iactāre, to make pretense of, 9.134; p., iactāns, antis, arrogant, assuming, ambitious, 6.815. (iaciō)

acerbus, a, um: harsh, bitter, in taste; (fig.), cruel, fierce, 5.462; fatal, direful, sorrowful, sad, mournful, 5.49; 6.429; pl., acerba, ōrum, n., vengeful deeds, 12.500; (adv.), acerba, harshly, savagely, fiercely, 9.794.

Phoenissus, a, um: (adj.), Phoenician, 1.670; subst., Phoenissa, ae, f., a Phoenician woman; Dido, 1.714, et al.

Dīdō, ūs or ōnis, f.: Dido, daughter of Belus, king of Phoenicia, who fled from her brother Pygmalion to Africa, where she founded the city of Carthage, 1.299.

blandus, a, um: (adj.), fondling; fawning; coaxing; persuasive, alluring, enticing, 1.670; grateful, calm, 5.827.

Iūnōnius, a, um: adj. (Iūnō), pertaining to Juno, under the influence of Juno; Juno's, 1.671.

hospitium, iī, n.: the relation of host and guest; hospitality, 10.460; friendly reception, entertainment; protection, hospitality, welcome, 1.299; guest-land, ally, 3.15; refuge, 1.540; alliance, 11.114. (hospes)

cessō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to remit action; stay, linger, rest; be inactive, 1.672; cease, 2.468; delay, 6.51; impers., cessātum est, delay has been made, has happened, 11.288. (cēdō)

cardō, inis, m.: a hinge, pivot, 1.449; the socket in which the pivot plays, 2.493; (fig.), a turning point, crisis, emergency, 1.672.

quōcircā: (adv.), for which reason, wherefore, and therefore, 1.673.

meditor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.: to think upon; meditate, 10.455; design, purpose, 4.171; practice, play.

quis, qua or quae, quid or quod: (indef. pron., adj., and subst.), any, some, 2.94, et al.; some one, any one, any body, anything, something, 1.413, et al.; sī quis, nē quis, etc., if any, lest any, etc., freq.; (adv.), quid, as to anything, in anything, at all, freq.; sī quid, if at all, freq.

quā: (adv.), interrog., relat., and indef. (ablat. of quī), in, by, what way? how? 1.676; where, which way, side, direction, 2.463; for quācumque, any way, anywhere; in any way, by any means; where, in whatever way; so far as, 12.147; sī quā, if in any way, 1.18.

possum, potuī, posse, irreg. n.: to be able; can, 1.242, et al.; to avail, have influence, power, 4.382. (potis and sum)

accītus, ūs, m.: a summons, call, 1.677; used only in the abl. sing. (acciō)

genitor, ōris, m.: he who begets; father, sire, 1.155, et al. (gignō)

Sīdōnius, a, um: (adj.), of Sidon; Sidonian; Phoenician, Tyrian, 1.678, et al.

restō, restitī, 1, n.: to remain in place; to stand, stop; to be left, 2.142; remain, 1.556; remain for infliction, wait to be repeated, be in reserve, 10.29; w. abl., 1.679.

Trōia, ae, f.: 1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

sōpiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.: to put to sleep; p., sōpītus, a, um, lulled to sleep, 1.680; slumbering, 5.743. (sopor)

Cythēra, ōrum, n.: an island south of Laconia, near which Venus was said to have been born of the foam of the sea, 1.680.

Īdalia, ae, f., and Īdalium, iī, n.: Idalia, a town and headland of Cyprus; one of the favorite resorts of Venus, 1.681.

sacrātus, a, um: holy, 3.371. (sacrō)

recondō, didī, ditus, 3, a.: to place again; put back, up, or away; hide, conceal, 1.681; bury, 10.387; bury in oblivion, 5.302.

amplus, a, um: (adj.), spacious, large, ample, 2.310; splendid, magnificent, glorious, 4.93; comp., amplior, us, larger; (adv.), amplius, more, longer, 1.683.

induō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.: to put into; put on, assume, 1.684; clothe; surround, crown, 3.526; pierce, slay, 10.682; (pass. as middle, w. acc.), gird one's self with, put on, 2.393; induere in vultūs, transform to the features, 7.20.

gremium, iī, n.: the lap, the bosom, 1.685, et al.; ante gremium suum, in front of or before one's self, 11.744.

rēgālis, e: adj. (rēx), belonging to a king; regal, kingly, royal, 1.673.

latex, icis, m.: a liquid; liquor; wine, 1.686; water, 4.512.

Lyaeus, ī, m.: the wine-god, Bacchus, 4.58.

amplexus, ūs, m.: an embrace, 1.687.(amplector)

ōsculum, ī, n.: the lip, 1.256; kiss, 1.687. (1. ōs)

fīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fix or fasten; freq., the object in or on which, in the abl., 1.212; abl. w. prep., 6.636; acc. w. prep., 9.408; fasten up, suspend from, 3.287; hang up, 1.248; set up, establish, make, 6.622; transfix, pierce, 5.516; hurl (fix by hurling), 10.883; wound, 10.343; inscribe, 11.84.

occulō, culuī, cultus, 3, a.: to cover up; hide, conceal, 1.312; p., occultus, a, um, secret, hidden, 3.695.

īnspīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to breathe into; inspire, impart, 1.688; instill, 7.351.

venēnum, ī, n.: a poisonous drug; poison, venom, 2.221; a charm, drug, 7.190; poison of love, 1.688.

genetrīx, īcis, f.: she who brings forth; mother, 1.590, et al. (gignō)

āla, ae, f.: a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

exuō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.: to put off; take off, lay aside, 1.690; unclasp, unbuckle, 9.303; put away, change, 4.319; divest; lay bare, strip, bare, 5.423; w. abl. of the thing from which, free from, 2.153, et al. (cf. induō)

gressus, ūs, m.: a stepping; step, walk, course, way, 1.401; of a ship, 5.162; air, mien, gait, 5.649; ferre gressum, to walk, 6.677; efferre gressum, to go forth or out, 2.753; comprimere gressum, to stop, stay one’s steps, 6.389. (gradior)

incēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, a. and n.: to step onward; walk, especially with pomp or dignity; advance, 1.497; move (for am), 1.46, et al.; march, proceed, 9.308.

Iūlus, ī, m.: Iulus or Ascanius, son of Aeneas, 1.267, et freq.

Venus, eris, f.: Venus, goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Aphrodite, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, 1.411, et al.; (meton.), love, lust, 6.26.

placidus, a, um: adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

quiēs, ētis, f.: rest, repose, 3.495; sleep, 2.268; respite, intermission, 1.723.

inrigō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to water; (fig.), diffuse, 1.692; pervade, 3.511.

foveō, fōvī, fōtus, 2, a.: to keep warm; (fig.), foster, protect, cherish, 1.281; soothe, 12.420; caress, make love to, 1.718; rest, incline, 10.838; to toy away, enjoy, 4.193; cherish, hope, long, desire, 1.18.

lūcus, ī, m.: a consecrated wood; sacred grove, 6.259, et al.; in general, a grove, wood, forest.

amāracus, ī, m.: marjoram, 1.693.

adspīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to breathe to or upon, 5.607; breathe or emit fragrance, 1.694; (fig.), inspire, 9.525; aid, favor, prosper, 2.385; aspire, 12.352.

complector, plexus sum, 3, dep. a.: to embrace; cover, 2.514; hold, 5.31; seize, grasp, 11.743.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-i-657-694