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263. The article with τε serves as a relative. In accordance with the use of τε in Homer (§ 332) ὅ τε expresses a constant or general characteristic, but only of a definite antecedent.

Il. 6.112 Ἕκτορι Πριαμίδῃ, τόν τε στυγέουσι καὶ ἄλλοι

Il. 15.621 κύματά τε τροφόεντα, τά τε προσερεύγεται αὐτήν

Od. 18.273 οὐλομένης ἐμέθεν, τῆς τε Σεὺς ὄλβον ἀπηύρα

It is especially used in similes (where a typical case is described).

Il. 13.390 πίτυς βλωθρὴ τήν τ οὔρεσι κτλ.

ll. 5.783, 11.554, 12.146, 13.571, 15.581, 23.712, etc.

Suggested Citation

D.B. Monro, A Grammar of the Homeric Dialect. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7.