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145. The Possessive pronouns are as follows.

The possessive prounouns

These are really adjectives of the 1st and 2nd Declensions, and are so declined (see § 110  § 112). But meus has regularly (rarely meus) in the vocative singular masculine.

Note— Suus is used only as a reflexive, referring to the subject. For a possessive pronoun of the 3rd person not referring to the subject, the genitive of a demonstrative must be used.

Patrem suum occīdit. He killed his (own) father.   

Patrem êius occīdit. He killed his (somebody else's) father.

a. Emphatic forms in -pte are found in the ablative singular.


b. A rare possessive is formed from the genitive singular of the relative or interrogative pronoun quī, quis.

cûius (quôius), -a, -um whose

It may be either interrogative or relative in force according to its derivation, but is usually the former.

c. The reciprocals one another and each other are expressed by inter sē or alter . . . alterum.

alter alterīus ōva frangit
they break each other's eggs (one . . . of the other)

inter sē amant
they love one another (they love among themselves)

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7.