edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: Stems ending in -ro

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111. Stems ending in ro- preceded by e form the Nominative masculine like puer (§ 47) and are declined as follows.

1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: Stems ending in -ro

a. The following are declined like miser:

 Asper, gibber, lacer, liber, prosper (also prosperus), satur (-ura, -urum), tener 

 with compounds of -fer and -ger

saetiger, -era, -erum bristle-bearing

also, ususally, dexter. In these the e belongs to the stem; but in dextra it is often omitted: dextra manus the right hand.

Note— Stems in ēro- (as prōcērus), with mōrigĕrus, propĕrus, have the regular nominative masculine in -us

b. The following lack a nominative singular masculine in the classic use.

cetera, infers, posters, super

They are rarely found in the singular except in certain phrases.

poster die the next day

Note— An Ablative feminine in is found in a few Greek adjectives: lectīcā octōphorō (Verr. 5.27)

112. Stems in ro- preceded by a consonant form the nominative masculine like ager (§ 47) and are declined as follows.

1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: Stems ending in -ro after a consonant

a. The following ar declined like niger:

 aeger, āter, crēber, faber, glaber, integer, lūdicer, macer, piger, pulcher, ruber, sacer, scaber, sinister, taeter, vafer

also the possesives, noster, vester (§ 145).

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/1st-and-2nd-declension-adjectives-stems-ending-ro