edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

Classified Lists of Verbs: 3rd conjugation

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211. The following lists include most simple verbs of the 3rd Conjugation, classed according to the formation of the Perfect Stem.

a. Forming the Perfect stem in s [x] (§ 177. b and Note).

angō, ānxī  chokeclaudō, clausī, claus-  shut
carpō, carpsī, carpt-  pluckcōmō, cōmpsī, cōmpt-  comb, deck
cēdō, cessī, cess-  yieldcoquō, coxī, coct-  cook
cingō, cīnxī, cīnct-  bind-cutiō, -cussī, -cuss-  shake
dēmō, dēmpsī, dēmpt-  take awayquatiō, (-cussī), quass-  shake
dīcō, dīxī, dict-  sayrādō, rāsī, rās-  scrape
dīvidō, dīvīsī, dīvīs-  divideregō, rēxī, rēct-  rule
dūcō, dūxī, duct-  guiderēpō, rēpsī  creep
ēmungō, -mūnxī, -mūnct-  clean outrōdō, rōsī, rōs-  gnaw
fīgō, fīxī, fīx-  fixscalpō, scalpsī, scalpt-  scrape
fingō [FIG], fīnxī, fict-  fashionscrībō, scrīpsī, scrīpt-  write
flectō, flexī, flex-  bendsculpō, sculpsī, sculpt-  carve
-flīgō, -flīxī, -flīct-  smiteserpō, serpsī  crawl
fluō, flūxī, flux-  flowspargō, sparsī, spars-  scatter
frendō , , frēs- (fress-)  gnash-spiciō, -spexī, -spect-  view
frīgō, frīxī, frīct-  fry-stinguō, -stīnxī,
-stīnct-  quench
gerō, gessī, gest-  carrystringō, strīnxī, strict-  bind
iungō, iūnxī, iūnct-  joinstruō, strūxī, strūct-  build
laedō, laesī, laes-  hurtsūgō, sūxī, sūct-  suck
-liciō, -lexī, -lect-, (ēlicuī-licit-)  enticesūmō, sūmpsī, sūmpt-  take
lūdo, lūsī, lūs-  playsurgō, surrēxī, surrēct-  rise
mergō, mersī, mers-  plungetegō, tēxī, tēct-  shelter
mittō, mīsī, miss-  sendtemnō, -tempsī,
-tempt-  despise
nectō [NEC], nexī (nexuī), nex-  weavetergō, tersī, ters-  wipe
nūbō, nūpsi, nūpt-  marrytingō, tīnxī, tīnct-  stain
pectō, pexī, pex-  combtrahō, trāxī, trāct-  drag
pergō, perrēxī, perrēct-  go ontrūdō, trūsī, trūs-  thrust
pingō [PIG], pīnxī, pict-  paintunguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnct-  anoint
plangō [PLAG], plānxī, plānct-  beatūrō, ussī, ust-  burn
plaudō, plausī, plaus-  applaudvādō, -vāsī, -vās-  go
plectō, plexī, plex-  braidvehō, vēxī, vect-  draw
premō, pressī, press-  pressvīvō, vīxī, vīct-  live
prōmō, -mpsī, -mpt  bring out

b. Reduplicated in the Perfect (§ 177.c).

cadō, cecĭdī, cās-  fallpariō, peperī, part- (paritūrus)  bring forth
caedō, cecīdī, caes-  cutpellō, pepulī, puls-  drive
canō, cecinī  singpendō, pependī, pēns-  weigh
currō, cucurrī, curs-  runposcōpoposcī  demand
discō [DIC], didicī  learnpungō [PUG], pupugī
(-pūnxī), pūnct-  prick
-dō [DHA], -didī, -dit- (as in ab-dō, etc., with crēdō, vēndō)  putsistō [STA], stitī, stat-  stop
fallō, fefellī, fals-  deceivetangō [TAG], tetigī, tāct-  touch
pangō [PAG], pepigī (-pēgī), pāct-  fasten, fix, bargaintendō [TEN], tetendī
(-tendī), tent-  stretch
parcō, pepercī (parsī), (parsūrus)  sparetundō [TUD], tutudī, tūns- (-tūs-)  beat

c. Adding u (v) to the verb root (§ 177.a).

alō, aluī, alt- (alit-)  nourishcompēscōcompēscuī  restrain
cernō, crēvī, -crēt-  decreecōnsulō, -luī, cōnsult-  consult
colō, coluī, cult-  dwell, tillcrēscō, crēvī, crēt-  increase
-cumbō [CUB], -cubuī
-cubit-  lie down
rapiō, rapuī, rapt-  seize
depsō, depsuī, depst-  kneadscīscō, scīvī, scīt-  decree
fremō, fremuī  roarserō, sēvī, sat-  sow
gemō, gemuī  groanserō, seruī, sert-  entwine
gignō [GEN], genuī, genit-  begetsinō, sīvī, sit-  permit
metō, messuī, -mess-  reapspernō, sprēvī, sprēt-  scorn
molō, moluī, molit-  grindsternō, strāvī, strāt-  strew
occulō, occuluī, occult-  hidestertō, -stertuī  snore
ad)olēscō, -ēvī, -ult-  grow upstrepō, strepuī  sound
pāscō, pāvī, pāst-  feedsuēscō, suēvī, suēt-  be wont
percellō, -culī, -culs-  upsettexō, texuī, text-  weave
pōnō [POS], posuī, posit-  puttremō, tremuī  tremble
quiēscō, quiēvī, quiēt-  restvomō, vomuī  vomit

d. Adding iv to the verb root (§ 177.f).

arcessō,1 -īvī, arcessīt- summonpetō, petīvī, petīt- seek
capessō, capessīvī undertakequaerōquaesīvīquaesīt-
seek
cupiō, cupīvī, cupīt- desirerudō, rudīvī bray
incessō, incessīvī attacksapiō, sapīvī be wise
lacessōlacessīvīlacessīt- provoketerō, trīvī, trīt- rub

e. Lengthening the vowel of the root (cf. § 177.d).

agō, ēgī, āct- driveiaciō, iēcī, iact- (-iciō-iect-) throw
capiō, cēpī, capt- takelavō, lāvī, lōt- (laut-) wash
(also regular of 1st conjugation)
edō, ēdī, ēsum eat
(see § 201)
legō,2 lēgī, lēct- gather
emō, ēmī, ēmpt- buylinō [LI], lēvī (līvī), lit- smear
faciō, fēcī, fact- make
(see § 204)
linquō [LIC], -līquī, -lict- leave
fodiō, fōdī, foss- dignōscō [GNO], nōvī, nōt-
(cō-gnit-ā-gnit-, ad-gnit-)
know
frangō [FRAG], frēgī, frāct- breakrumpō [RUP], rūpī, rupt- burst
fugiō, fūgī, (fugitūrusfleescabō, scābī scratch
fundō [FUD], fūdī, fūs- pourvincō [VIC], vīcī, vict- conquer

f. Retaining the present stem or verb-root (cf. § 177.e).

acuō, -uī, -ūt-  sharpenimbuō, -uī, -ūt-  give a taste of
arguō, -uī, -ūt-  accuseluō, luī, -lūt-  wash
bibō, bibī, (pōtus)  drinkmandō, mandī, māns-  chew
-cendō, -cendī, -cēns-  kindlemetuō, -uī, -ūt  fear
con)gruō, -uī  agreeminuō, -uī, -ūt-  lessen
cūdō, -cūdī, -cūs-  forge-nuō, -nuī  nod
facessō, -iī (facessī), facessīt-  executepandō, pandī, pāns- (pass-)  open
-fendō, -fendī, -fēns-  ward offpīnsō, -sī, pīns- (pīnst-, pīst-)  bruise
findō [FID], fidī,3 fiss-  splitprehendō, -hendī, -hēns-  seize
īcō, īcī, ict-  hitruō, ruī, rut- (ruitūrus)  fall
scandō, -scendī, -scēnsus  climbsuō, suī, sūt-  sew
scindō [SCID], scidī,4 sciss-  tearex), -uī, -ūt-  put off
sīdō, sīdī (-sēdī), -sess-  settletribuō, -uī, -ūt-  assign
solvō, solvī, solūt-  loose, payvellō, vellī (-vulsī), vuls-  pluck
spuō, -uī  spitverrō, -verrī, vers-  sweep
statuō, -uī, -ūt-  establishvertō, vertī, vers-  turn
sternuo, -uī—  sneezevīsō [VID], vīsī, vīs-  visit
strīdō, strīdī—  whizvolvō, volvī, volūt-  turn

Note— Several have no perfect or supine.

claudō  limp
fatīscō  gape
hīscō  yawn
tollō (sustulī, sublātum, supplied from sufferō)  raise
vergō  incline

 

Footnotes

1. Sometimes accersō, etc.

2. The following compounds of legō have -lēxī: dīligō, intellegō, neglegō.

3. In this the perfect stem is the same as the verb root, having lost the reduplication (§ 177.c, Note).

4. See footnote 3.

extras

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Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/classified-lists-verbs-3rd-conjugation