edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: ā- & o- stems

Book Nav


110. Adjectives of the 1st and 2nd Declensions (ā- and o- stems) are declined in the masculine like servus, puer, or ager; in the feminine like stella; and in the neuter like bellum.

The regular type of an adjective of the 1st and 2nd Declensions is bonus, -a, -um, which is declined below:

1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: ā- & o- stems

Note— Stems in quo- have nominative -cus (-quos), -qua, -cum (-quom), accusative -cum (-quom), -quam, -cum (-quom), to avoid quu- (see § 6.b and § 46, Note 2).

NOM. provinces (-quos) propinqua propincum (-quom)
GEN. propinquī propinquae propinquī, etc.

But most modern editions disregard this principle.

a. The Genitive Singular masculine of adjectives in -ius ends in -iī, and the Vocative in -ie; not in , as in nouns (cf. § 49. b-c).

Lacedaemonius, -iī, -ie

Note— meus (my) has the vocative masculine (cf. § 145).


Charts PDF: 
XML Files: 

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/1st-and-2nd-declension-adjectives-%C4%81-o-stems