edited by Meagan Ayer et al.
1st Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender
40. The Stem of nouns of the 1st declension ends in ā-. The nominative ending is -a (the stem-vowel shortened), except in Greek nouns.
41. Latin nouns of the 1st declension are thus declined:
a. The Latin has no article; hence stella may mean a star, the star, or simply star.
42. Nouns of the 1st declension are feminine, with the exception of nouns which are masculine from their signification (nauta, sailor). Similarly, a few family or personal names (Mūrēna, Dolābella, Scaevola;1 also, Hadria, the Adriatic).