edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

Numeral Adverbs

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138. The Numeral Adverbs answer the question quotiēns (quotiēs), how many times? how often?

1. semel  once12. duodeciēns40. quadrāgiēns
2. bis  twice13. terdeciēns50. quīnquāgiēns
3. ter  thrice14. quaterdeciēns60. sexāgiēns
4. quater15. quīndeciēns70. septuāgiēns
5. quīnquiēns (-ēs)116. sēdeciēns80. octōgiēns
6. sexiēns17. septiēsdeciēns90. nōnāgiēns
7. septiēns18. duodēvīciēns100. centiēns
8. octiēns19. ūndēvīciēns200. ducentiēns
9. noviēns20. vīciēns300. trecentiēns
10. deciēns21. semel vīciēns,2 etc.1000. mīliēns
11. ūndeciēns30. trīciēns10,000. deciēns mīliēns

a. Numeral Adverbs are used with mīlle to express the higher numbers.

ter et trīciēns (centēna mīlia) sēstertium
3,300,000 sesterces (three and thirty times a hundred thousand sesterces)

vīciēs ac septiēs mīliēs (centēna mīlia) sēstertium
2,700,000,000 sesterces (twenty-seven thousand times a hundred thousand)

Note— These large numbers are used almost exclusively in reckoning money, and centēna mīlia is regularly omitted (see § 634).

 

Footnotes

1. Forms in -ns are often written without the n.

2. Also written vīciēns et semel or vīciēns semel, etc.

extras

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Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/numeral-adverbs