edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

Numeral Adverbs

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138. The Numeral Adverbs answer the question quotiēns (quotiēs), how many times? how often?

1. semel  once 12. duodeciēns 40. quadrāgiēns
2. bis  twice 13. terdeciēns 50. quīnquāgiēns
3. ter  thrice 14. quaterdeciēns 60. sexāgiēns
4. quater 15. quīndeciēns 70. septuāgiēns
5. quīnquiēns (-ēs)1 16. sēdeciēns 80. octōgiēns
6. sexiēns 17. septiēsdeciēns 90. nōnāgiēns
7. septiēns 18. duodēvīciēns 100. centiēns
8. octiēns 19. ūndēvīciēns 200. ducentiēns
9. noviēns 20. vīciēns 300. trecentiēns
10. deciēns 21. semel vīciēns,2 etc. 1000. mīliēns
11. ūndeciēns 30. trīciēns 10,000. deciēns mīliēns

a. Numeral Adverbs are used with mīlle to express the higher numbers.

ter et trīciēns (centēna mīlia) sēstertium
3,300,000 sesterces (three and thirty times a hundred thousand sesterces)

vīciēs ac septiēs mīliēs (centēna mīlia) sēstertium
2,700,000,000 sesterces (twenty-seven thousand times a hundred thousand)

Note— These large numbers are used almost exclusively in reckoning money, and centēna mīlia is regularly omitted (see § 634).

 

Footnotes

1. Forms in -ns are often written without the n.

2. Also written vīciēns et semel or vīciēns semel, etc.

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