edited by Meagan Ayer et al.

2nd Declension: Special Forms

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50. The following stems in -ero-, in which e belongs to the stem, retain the e throughout and are declined like puer (§ 47).

adulter  adulterergener  son-in-lawpuer  boy
socer  father-in-lawvesper  eveningLīber  Bacchus

Also, the adjective līber (free) of which līberī (children) is the plural (§ 111.a), and compounds in -fer and -ger (stem fero-, gero-).

lūcifer  morning star
armiger  squire

a. An old nominative socerus occurs. So vocative puere (boy) as if from †puerus (regularly puer).

b.Vir (man) has genitive virī; the adjective satur (sated) has saturī; vesper (evening) has ablative vespere (locative vesperī  in the evening).

c. Mulciber (Vulcan) has -berī and -brī in the genitive. The names Hibēr and Celtibēr retain ē throughout.

51. The following, not having e in the stem, insert it in the nominative singular and are declined like ager (§ 47).

ager  field  (stem agro-)culter  knife
aper  boarfaber  smith
arbiter  judgefiber  beaver
auster  south windliber  book
cancer  crabmagister  master
caper  goatminister  servant
coluber  snakeoleaster  wild olive
conger  sea eelonager (-grus)  wild ass
scomber (-brus)  mackerel


Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/latin/2nd-declension-special-forms