edited by Meagan Ayer et al.
Nouns with Adjective Suffixes
254. Many fixed forms of the nominal adjective suffixes mentioned in the preceding sections, make nouns more or less regularly used in particular senses.
- -ārius person employed about anything.
argent-ārius silversmith, broker from argentum silver
Corinthi-ārius worker in Corinthian bronze [m.] (sarcastic nickname of Augustus) from (aes) Corinthium Corinthian bronze
centōn-ārius ragman [m.] from centō patchwork
- -āria thing connected with something.
argent-āria bank [f.] from argentum silver
arēn-āriae sandpits [f. pl.] from arēna sand
Asin-āria name of a play [f.] from asinus ass1
- -ārium place of a thing (with a few of more general meaning).
aer-ārium treasury [n.] from aes copper.
tepid-ārium warm bath [n.] from tepidus warm
sūd-ārium a towel [n.] cf. sūdō, -āre sweat
sal-ārium salt money, salary [n.] from sāl salt
calendārium a notebook [n.] from calendae calends
- -tōria (-sōria).
Agitā-tōria The Carter [f.] a play by Plautus from agitātor
vor-sōria a tack (nautical) [f.] from vorsus a turn
- -tōrium (-sōrium), place of action (with a few of more general meaning).
dēvor-sōrium an inn [n.] as from dēvortō turn aside
audī-tōrium a lecture hall [n.] as from audiō hear
ten-tōrium a tent [n.] as from tendō stretch
tēc-tōrium plaster [n.] as from tegō, tēctus cover
por-tōrium toll [n.] cf. portō carry, and portus harbor
- -īle animal stall.
bov-īle cattle-stall [n.] from bōs, bŏvis ox, cow
ov-īle sheepfold [n.] from ovis sheep (stem ovi-)
- -al for -āle thing connected with, the primitive.
capit-al headdress, capital crime [n.] from caput head
penetr-āle inner apartment [n.] cf. penetrō enter
Sāturn-ālia feast of Saturn [n. pl.] (the regular form for the names of festivals) from Sāturnus
- -ētum [n.] (cf. -ātus, -ūtus, see § 246, Note), -tum place of a thing, especially with names of trees and plants to designate where they grow.
querc-ētum oak grove [n.] from quercus oak
olīv-ētum olive grove [n.] from olīva an olive tree
salic-tum a willow thicket [n.] from salix a willow tree
Argil-ētum The Clay Pit [n.] from argilla clay
- -cus (sometimes with inserted i, -icus), -īcus, in any one of the genders, with various meanings.
vīli-cus a steward [m.], vīli-ca a stewardess [f.] from vīlla farmhouse
fabr-ica a workshop [f.] from faber workman
am-īcus [m.] am-īca [f.] friend, cf. amāre to love
būbul-cus ox-tender [m.] from būb-ulus, diminutive; cf. bōs ox
cant-icum song [n.] from cantus act of singing
rubr-īca red paint [f.] from ruber red
- -eus, -ea, -eum, with various meanings.
alv-eus a trough [m.] from alvus the belly
capr-ea a wild she-goat [f.] from caper he-goat
flamm-eum a bridal veil [n.] from flamma flame (from its color)
- -ter (stem tri-), -aster, -ester
eques-ter knight [m.] for †equet-ter
sequ-ester a stake-holder [m.] from a derivative of sequor follow
ole-aster wild olive [m.] from olea an olive tree