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254. Many fixed forms of the nominal adjective suffixes mentioned in the preceding sections, make nouns more or less regularly used in particular senses.

  1. -ārius person employed about anything.

    argent-ārius  silversmith, broker from argentum  silver

    Corinthi-ārius  worker in Corinthian bronze [m.] (sarcastic nickname of Augustus) from (aes) Corinthium  Corinthian bronze

    centōn-ārius  ragman [m.] from centō  patchwork

  2. -āria thing connected with something.

    argent-āria  bank [f.] from argentum  silver

    arēn-āriae  sandpits [f. pl.] from arēna  sand

    Asin-āria name of a play [f.] from asinus  ass1

  3. -ārium place of a thing (with a few of more general meaning).

    aer-ārium  treasury [n.] from aes  copper.

    tepid-ārium  warm bath [n.] from tepidus  warm

    sūd-ārium  a towel [n.] cf. sūdō, -āre  sweat

    sal-ārium  salt money, salary [n.] from sāl  salt

    calendārium  a notebook [n.] from calendae  calends

  4. -tōria (-sōria).

    Agitā-tōria  The Carter [f.] a play by Plautus from agitātor

    vor-sōria  a tack (nautical) [f.] from vorsus  a turn

  5. -tōrium (-sōrium), place of action (with a few of more general meaning).

    dēvor-sōrium  an inn [n.] as from dēvortō  turn aside

    audī-tōrium  a lecture hall [n.] as from audiō  hear

    ten-tōrium  a tent [n.] as from tendō  stretch

    tēc-tōrium  plaster [n.] as from tegō, tēctus  cover

    por-tōrium  toll [n.] cf. portō  carry, and portus  harbor

  6. -īle animal stall.

    bov-īle  cattle-stall [n.] from bōs, bŏvis  ox, cow

    ov-īle  sheepfold [n.] from ovis  sheep (stem ovi-)

  7. -al for -āle thing connected with, the primitive.

    capit-al  headdress, capital crime [n.] from caput  head

    penetr-āle   inner apartment [n.] cf. penetrō  enter

    Sāturn-ālia  feast of Saturn [n. pl.] (the regular form for the names of festivals) from Sāturnus

  8. -ētum [n.] (cf. -ātus, -ūtus, see § 246, Note), -tum place of a thing, especially with names of trees and plants to designate where they grow.

    querc-ētum  oak grove [n.] from quercus  oak

    olīv-ētum  olive grove [n.] from olīva  an olive tree

    salic-tum  a willow thicket [n.] from salix  a willow tree

    Argil-ētum  The Clay Pit [n.] from argilla  clay

  9. -cus (sometimes with inserted i, -icus), -īcus, in any one of the genders, with various meanings.

    vīli-cus  a steward [m.], vīli-ca  a stewardess [f.] from vīlla  farmhouse

    fabr-ica  a workshop [f.] from faber  workman

    am-īcus [m.] am-īca [f.]  friend, cf. amāre  to love

    būbul-cus  ox-tender [m.] from būb-ulus, diminutive; cf. bōs  ox

    cant-icum  song [n.] from cantus  act of singing

    rubr-īca  red paint [f.] from ruber  red

  10. -eus, -ea, -eum, with various meanings.

    alv-eus  a trough [m.] from alvus  the belly

    capr-ea  a wild she-goat [f.] from caper  he-goat

    flamm-eum  a bridal veil [n.] from flamma  flame (from its color)

  11. -ter (stem tri-), -aster, -ester

    eques-ter  knight [m.] for †equet-ter

    sequ-ester  a stake-holder [m.] from a derivative of sequor  follow

    ole-aster  wild olive [m.] from olea  an olive tree



1. Probably an adjective with fābula (play) understood.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7.