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98. The following peculiarities require notice:

a. Of nouns of the 5th declension, only diēs and rēs are declined throughout. Most lack the plural, which is, however, found in the nominative or accusative in aciēs, effigiēs, ēluviēs, faciēs, glaciēs, seriēs, speciēs, spēs.1

b. The Locative form of this declension ends in . It is found only in certain adverbs and expressions of time.

hodiē today diē quārtō (old, quārtīthe 4th day
perendiē day after tomorrow prīdiē the day before

c.The 5th declension is closely related to the 1st, and several nouns have forms of both.

māteria, -iēs
saevitia, -iēs

The genitive and dative in -ēī are rarely found in these words.

d. Some nouns vary between the 5th and the 3rd declension.

satiēs (also satiās, gen. -ātis)
plēbēs (also plēbs, gen. plēbis)
famēs (gen. famis, abl. famē)

Note— In the genitive and dative -ēī (-ĕī) was sometimes contracted into -ei. 

tribūnus plēbei tribune of the people (plēbēs)

Genitives in and also occur.

diī (Aen. 1.636)
aciē (B. G. 2.23)

A few examples of the old genitive in -ēs are found (cf. -ās in the first declension, § 43.b). The dative has rarely , and a form in is cited.



1. The forms faciērum, speciērum, speciēbus, spērum, spēbus, are cited by grammarians, also spērēs, spēribus, and some of these occur in late authors.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7.