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280. A word is said to agree with another when it is required by usage to be in the same gender, number, case, or person. The following are the general forms of agreement, sometimes called the Four Concords.

  1. The agreement of the noun in apposition or as predicate (§§ 281 - 284).
  2. The agreement of the adjective with its noun (§ 286).
  3. The agreement of the relative with its antecedent (§ 305).
  4. The agreement of the finite verb with its subject (§ 316).

a. A word sometimes takes the gender or number, not of the word with which it should regularly agree, but of some other word implied in that word. This use is called Synesis, or cōnstrūctiō ad sēnsum (construction according to sense).

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Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7.