Vergil, Aeneid II 402-437

Heu Nihil invītīs fās quemquam fīdere dīvīs!

Ecce trahēbātur passīs Priamēïa virgō

crīnibus ā templō Cassandra adytīsque Minervae

ad caelum tendēns ārdentia lūmina frūstrā,405

lūmina, nam tenerās arcēbant vincula palmās.

Nōn tulit hanc speciem furiātā mente Coroebus

et sēsē medium iniēcit peritūrus in agmen;

cōnsequimur cūnctī et dēnsīs incurrimus armīs.

Hīc prīmum ex altō dēlūbrī culmine tēlīs410

nostrōrum obruimur oriturque miserrima caedēs

armōrum faciē et Grāiārum errōre iubārum.

tum Danaī gemitū atque ēreptae virginis īrā

undique collēctī invādunt, ācerrimus Āiāx

et geminī Atrīdae Dolopumque exercitus omnis:415

adversī ruptō ceu quondam turbine ventī

cōnflīgunt, Zephyrusque Notusque et laetus Eōīs

Eurus equīs; strīdunt silvae saevitque tridentī

spūmeus atque īmō Nēreus ciet aequora fundō.

Illī etiam, sī quōs obscūrā nocte per umbram420

fūdimus īnsidiīs tōtāque agitāvimus urbe,

appārent; prīmī clipeōs mentītaque tēla

agnōscunt atque ōra sonō discordia signant.

Īlicet obruimur numerō, prīmusque Coroebus

Pēneleī dextrā dīvae armipotentis ad āram425

prōcumbit; cadit et Rhīpeus, iūstissimus ūnus

quī fuit in Teucrīs et servantissimus aequī

(dīs aliter vīsum); pereunt Hypanisque Dymāsque

cōnfīxī ā sociīs; nec tē tua plūrima, Panthū,

lābentem pietās nec Apollinis īnfula tēxit.430

Īliacī cinerēs et flamma extrēma meōrum,

testor, in occāsū vestrō nec tēla nec ūllās

vītāvisse vicēs, Danaüm et, sī Fāta fuissent

ut caderem, meruisse manū. Dīvellimur inde,

Īphitus et Peliās mēcum (quōrum Īphitus aevō435

iam gravior, Peliās et vulnere tardus Ulixī),

prōtinus ad sēdēs Priamī clāmōre vocātī.

CORE VOCABULARY

heu: (interj.), alas! ah! oh! 2.289, et al.

invītus, a, um: (adj.), unwilling, 6.460; unfriendly, 2.402.

fās, indecl. n.: divine right or law; duty, justice, 3.55; privilege, 9.96; as predicate with esse, permitted, lawful, proper, incumbent, 1.77, et al. (rel. to for)

fīdō, fīsus sum, 3, n.: to confide, trust, rely; freq., w. dat., 7.290; w. abl., 5.398; w. inf., dare, 5.69; p., fīdēns, entis, trusting, bold, confident, w. abl., dat., or gen., freq. (rel. to πείθω, persuade)

pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.: to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

Priamēius, a, um: adj. (Priamus), of Priam, 2.403; Priam's, 7.252.

crīnis, is, m.: the hair, 1.480; train of meteors, 5.528; (often in the pl.), the hairs of the head, the hair.

Cassandra, ae, f.: a daughter of Priam, beloved of Apollo, and inspired by him with prophecy; but because she did not requite his love, condemned to foretell the destruction of Troy without being believed by her countrymen, 2.246.

adytum, ī, n.: the inaccessible; the innermost part of a temple, accessible only to the priest; a shrine, sanctuary, oracle, 2.115; the interior of a tomb, or shrine of the dead, 5.84.

Minerva, ae, f.: an Italian goddess, understood to be the same as the Greek Athena; the goddess of wisdom, of the liberal and industrial arts, and of systematic or strategic warfare, 2.31, et al.; (meton.), wisdom, wit; household work, spinning, the loom, etc., 5.284, et al.

ārdēns, entis: burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

arceō, uī, 2, a.: to inclose, shut in; restrain, bind, 2.406; debar, keep off, repel, 1.435; protect, save from, 8.73.

palma, ae, f.: the palm of the hand, 8.69; the hand, 1.93; palm branch, 5.111; a palm branch or wreath as the symbol of victory; reward, prize, 5.349; victory; a victor, 5.339.

furiō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to madden, enrage, infuriate, 2.407. (furiae)

Coroebus, ī, m.: Coroebus, a Phrygian chief, son of Mygdon, lover of Cassandra, 2.341.

īniciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.: to cast or throw into, or upon, 6.366; hurl, 2.726; lay on, of the hand of Fate, 10.419. (1. in and iaciō)

pereō, iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.: to go out of sight; to be lost, undone, 4.497; perish, 2.660; die, 2.408.

dēnsus, a, um: (adj.), thick, dense, crowded, compact, in close array, serried, 2.383; frequent, 5.459.

incurrō, currī or cucurrī, cursus, 3, n.: to run into or against; rush upon, charge, 2.409; 11.759.

dēlūbrum, ī, n.: the place for sacrificial cleansings; a shrine, temple, sanctuary, 2.225, et al. (dēluō, cleanse)

culmen, inis, n.: a top, summit, height, 2.290; house top, ridge, roof, 2.458. (cf. columna)

nostrī, ōrum, m.: our friends, kindred, allies, etc., 2.411. (noster)

obruō, uī, utus, 3, a.: to cover over; bury; overwhelm, 1.69; overpower, 2.424; destroy, 5.692.

Grāius, a, um (dissyl.): (adj.), Greek, Greek, 2.598; subs., Grāius, iī, m., a Greek, 3.594.

iuba, ae, f.: the mane of a horse; of a serpent, 2.206; of a helmet, plume, crest, 2.412.

Danaī, ōrum, m.: the Greeks, 2.327.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

invādō, vāsī, vāsus, 3, a. and n.: to go into; enter, 3.382; enter upon, 6.260; invade, violate, 6.623; rush into, 12.712; attack, assail, 2.414; address, accost, 4.265; undertake, adventure, 9.186.

Aiāx, ācis, m.: 1. Ajax, the son of Telamon. 2. Ajax, the son of Oileus, called also Ajax the Lesser, 1.41; 2.414.

geminus, a, um: (adj.), twin, 1.274, et al.; twofold, 6.203; double, two, 4.470; pl., geminī, ae, a, twin, 2.500; two, 1.162.

Atrīdēs, ae, m.: a son or descendant of Atreus; pl., Atrīdae, ārum, the Atridae (Agamemnon and Menelaus), 2.104.

Dolopes, um, m.: the Dolopians, a warlike tribe of Thessaly, followers of Pyrrhus at Troy, 2.7.

ceu: (adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

turbō, inis, m.: a tornado, whirlwind; storm, tempest, 1.442; whirling cloud, 3.573; wind accompanying the lightning; lightning-blast, 1.45; 6.594; whirling or stormy force, 11.284, et al.; a whirling top, a child's top, 7.378. (cf. turba)

cōnflīgō, flīxī, flīctus, 3, a. and n.: to strike against; fight, contend, 2.417.

Zephyrus, ī, m.: Zephyrus or Favonius, the god of the west wind, 2.417, et al.; west wind, 4.562; wind, 10.103.

Notus, ī, m.: identical in meaning with auster; the south-wind, 1.85; wind, 6.355; storm, 1.575.

eōus, a, um: (adj.), belonging to the dawn, eastern, 1.489.

Eurus, ī, m.: the southeast wind, 1.85, et al.; wind, 1.383, et al.

strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3: to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

saeviō, iī, ītus, 4, n.: to be fierce; to be furious, rage; be angry, 6.544. (saevus)

tridēns, entis: adj. (trēs and dēns), three-pronged, trident, 5.143; subst., tridēns, entis, m., a triple-pointed spear; trident, 1.138.

spūmeus, a, um: adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

Nēreus (dissyll.), eī or eos, m.: Nereus, a sea-god, son of Oceanus and Tethys, and father of the Nereids, 2.419, et al.; (meton.), the sea, 10.764.

cieō, cīvī, citus, 2, a.: to cause, to move; stir, 2.419; agitate, move, 4.122; excite, kindle, rouse, 6.165; raise, 12.104; call upon, invoke, 3.68; call up, exhibit, 5.585; of tears, shed, 6.468.

fundus, ī, m.: the bottom, 2.419; depth, abyss, 6.581; the ground; a farm; fundō, from the foundation, 10.88.

quis, qua or quae, quid or quod: (indef. pron., adj., and subst.), any, some, 2.94, et al.; some one, any one, any body, anything, something, 1.413, et al.; sī quis, nē quis, etc., if any, lest any, etc., freq.; (adv.), quid, as to anything, in anything, at all, freq.; sī quid, if at all, freq.

obscūrus, a, um: (adj.), dim, dark, dusky, obscure, 1.411; uncertain; of persons, unseen, 2.135; in the darkness, 6.268; pl., obscūra, ōrum, dim places; obscurity, uncertainty, 6.100.

īnsidiae, ārum, f.: a sitting down, or lying in ambuscade; an ambush, 11.783; snare, toil; plot, treachery, wile, 2.36; stealthy journey or enterprise, 9.237; artifice, stratagem, 2.421; personif. pl., Īnsidiae, ārum, Stratagem, 12.336. (īnsideō)

clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.: a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

mentior, ītus sum, 4, dep. n. and a.: to devise; falsify, lie, pretend, 2.540; feign, counterfeit; p., mentītus, a, um; (pass.), 2.422. (mēns)

adgnoscō, nōvī, nitus, 3, a.: to recognize, 1.470.

sonus, ī, m.: a sound, noise, 2.728. (sonō)

discors, cordis: adj. (dis- and cor), disagreeing, 2.423; hostile, 9.688; opposing, contending, 10.356.

sīgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to distinguish by a mark or symbol, 6.780; mark, mark out; indicate, designate, 2.697; inscribe, record, 3.287; of the mind, observe, mark, notice, 2.423. (sīgnum)

īlicet: (adv.), straightway, immediately, at once, instantly, 2.424. (īre and licet)

Pēneleus (trisyll.), eī or eos, m.: Peneleus, a Greek warrior, said to have been one of the suitors of Helen, 2.425.

dīva, ae, f.: a goddess, 1.632, et al.

armipotēns, entis: adj. (arma and potēns), powerful in arms; valiant, brave, warlike, 2.425.

prōcumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.: to lie down; to bend, lean forward, lie along, 8.83; bend down, lie prostrate; fall upon, 11.150; bend to, ply the oars, 5.198; to fall in death or battle, 2.426; fall down, sink in ruins, 2.505.

Rīpheus (dissyll.), eī, m.: a Trojan slain in the sack of Troy, 2.339.

Teucrī, ōrum, m.: the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)

servāns, antis (superl., servantissimus, a, um): observant, w. gen., 2.427.

aequum, ī, n.: that which is even; right, justice, 2.427; in aequum, to the open field, 9.68.

Hypanis, is, m.: a Trojan, 2.340.

Dymās, antis, m.: Dymas, a Trojan warrior, 2.340.

cōnfīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fasten together or firmly; transfix, pierce, 2.429, et al.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

Panthūs (Panthous), ī, m.: Panthus, son of Othrys and father of Euphorbus, slain at the capture of Troy, 2.318, et al.

lābor, lapsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

Apollō, inis, m.: Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona; the god of prophecy, medicine, music, poetry, and archery, 2.430; met., a temple of Apollo, 3.275.

īnfula, ae, f.: a bandage, miter; a fillet of red and white wool, twisted together, worn by priests, 2.430.

Īliacus, a, um: (adj.), belonging to Ilium; Ilian, Trojan, 1.97, et al.

meī, m. pl.: my kindred, friends, countrymen, descendants, etc., 2.587, et al.; mea, ōrum, n., my possessions, enjoyments, 12.882. (mē)

testor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to testify, bear witness to, with acc. of object witnessed, 3.487; to call to witness, appeal to, with acc. of witness called upon, 2.155; invoke, 12.496; w. object omitted, adjure, implore, 3.599; declare, proclaim, 6.619; beseech (call to witness the offering), 11.559. (testis)

occāsus, ūs, m.: a going down; setting; the west, 11.317; fall, ruin, destruction, 1.238. (1. occidō)

vicis, gen. f.: a change, turn in affairs; stage, interchange, 6.535; vicissitude, event, 3.376; combat, encounter, peril, 2.433, part, place, post, 3.634; watch, guard, 9.175. (nom. sing. wanting)

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

dīvellō, vellī, vulsus, 3, a.: to tear asunder; tear in pieces, 4.600; tear away, 8.568; separate, scatter (others, drive away), 2.434; loosen, uncoil, 2.220.

Īphitus, ī, m.: a Trojan warrior, 2.435.

Peliās, ae, m.: a Trojan, 2.436.

Ulixēs, is, eī or ī, m.: Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

Priamus, ī, m.: 1. Priam, son of Laomedon, king of Troy, 1.458, et al. 2. A Trojan youth, son of Polites and grandson of King Priam, 5.564.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-ii-402-437