10.8

(1) Multās lēgēs rogāvit, quāsdam ex bonō et aequō, plērāsque superfluās, nōnnūllās sevērās. Prīmusque urbem nōminis suī ad tantum fastīgium ēvehere mōlītus est, ut Rōmae aemulam faceret.

(2) Bellum adversus Parthōs mōliēns, quī iam Mesopotamiam fatīgābant, ūnō et trīcēsimō annō imperiī, aetātis sextō et sexāgēsimō Nicomediae in vīllā pūblicā obiit. Dēnūntiāta mors eius est etiam per crīnītam stellam, quae inūsitātae māgnitūdinis aliquamdiū fulsit; eam Graecī comētēn vocant. Atque inter dīvōs meruit referrī.

    The death of Constantine, 337 CE. 

    (1) ex bonō et aequō: "in accordance with justice and fairness," a stock legal phrase

    urbem: Constantinople, a city which Constantine built on the site of ancient Byzantium. This he aimed to make his capital city. Here he had a second senate, a praefect of the city, regions, and even largesses; all of which showed that the supremacy of Rome was at an end (Hazzard).

    ad tantum fastīgium ... ut: "to such a height ... that"; introducing a result clause (AG 537)

    (2) moliēns: "while planning," "while getting started"

    ūnō et trīcēsimō annō imperiī: 337 CE

    Nicomediae: "at Nicomedia" (locative case, AG 427.3)

    in villā pūblicā: a building intended for a lodging house or hotel for foreign ambassadors (Hazzard)

    inūsitātae māgnitūdinis: "of extraordinary size," genitive of quality (AG 345)

    comētēn: The first Roman Emperor to use a comet to justify apotheosis was Augustus, who saw the omen as the deification of Julius Caesar. See Smith, Apotheosis.

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    superfluus, a, um [super + fluō], adj.

    superfluous; unnecessary

    nōnnūllus, a, um [nōn + nūllus], adj.

    some, several

    sevērus, a, um, adj.

    serious, strict, harsh

    fastīgium, ī, n.

    top, height; slope, descent; rank, dignity

    ēvehō, ere, vexī, vectus

    to lift, raise, elevate

    mōlior, īrī, ītus sum [mōlēs, mass]

    to undertake, attempt

    aemula, ae [aemulus], f.

    a rival

    Parthī, ōrum, pl. m.

    a Scythian people southeast of the Caspian Sea 2

    Mesopotamia, ae, f.

    Mesopotamia, a division of Asia between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers

    fatīgō, āre, āvī, ātus

    to tire, vex; test

    Nīcomēdia, ae, f.

    the capital city of Bithynia in Asia Minor

    vīlla, ae, f.

    a country house, farm, villa

    obeō, īre, īvī (iī), itus

    to go to meet; attend to, perform; die, perish

    dēnūntiō, āre, āvī, ātus

    to announce, denounce, order, threaten

    crīnītus, a, um [crīnis, hair], adj.

    covered with hair

    inūsitātus, a, um [in + ūsitātus, usual], adj.

    unusual, unfamiliar, novel

    aliquamdiū [aliquis + diū], adv.

    for a while, for some time

    fulgeō, ēre, fulsī, --

    to flash, gleam

    Graecī, ōrum, pl. m.

    the Greeks

    comētēs, ae, Gr. acc. comētēn, m.

    a comet

     

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