10.10

(1) Dīversa Cōnstantīī fortūna fuit. Ā Persīs enim multa et gravia perpessus saepe captīs oppidīs, obsessīs urbibus, caesīs exercitibus, nūllumque eī contrā Sapōrem prōsperum proelium fuit, nisi quod apud Singaram haud dubiam victōriam ferōciā mīlitum āmīsit, quī pūgnam sēditiōsē et stolidē contrā ratiōnem bellī diē iam praecipitī poposcērunt.

(2) Post Cōnstantis necem, Māgnentiō Ītaliam, Āfricam, Galliās obtinente, etiam Īllyricum rēs novās habuit, Vetraniōne ad imperium cōnsēnsū mīlitum ēlēctō. Quem grandaevum iam et cūnctīs amābilem diūturnitāte et fēlīcitāte mīlitiae ad tuendum Īllyricum prīncipem creāvērunt, virum probum et mōrum veterum ac iūcundae cīvīlitātis, sed omnium līberālium artium expertem adeō, ut nē elementa quidem prīma litterārum nisi grandaevus et iam imperātor accēperit.

    Constantius II Emperor, 337361 CE

    (1) Cōnstantīī: Constantius ruled from 337 to 361 CE. He was the third son of Constantine the Great. Under him the whole empire again became subject to one ruler. But in 355, he was compelled to make Julian Caesar and to send him into Gaul (Hazzard).

    multa et gravia: substantive adjectives, with neuter plural subject implied (AG 288)

    perpessus: supply est > perpetior (per + patior)

    eī: dative of possession (AG 373)

    contrā Sapōrem: "against Shapur II"

    apud Singaram: see Singara

    quī: militēs

    diē iam praecipitī: "as the day was already ending" 

    (2) Māgnentiō Ītaliam, Āfricam, Galliās obtinente:  For more information, see Magnentius.

    rēs novās: "revolt" (LS novus I.A.4)

    ad tuendum Īllyricum: "to defend Illyricum" < tueor, gerund expressing purpose (AG 503)

    adeō, ut: "to such an extent that..." result clause (AG 537)

    nē ... quidem: "not even," emphasizing elementa prīma litterārum, "his ABCs."

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    Cōnstantius, ī, m.

    Cōnstantius, third son of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 337–361 A.D.

    Persae, ārum, pl. m.

    the Persians

    perpetior, ī, pessus sum

    to endure, be patient under

    obsideō, ēre, sēdī, sessus

    to besiege, occupy; watch closely

    Sapōr, ōris, m.

    the name of several Persian kings; (1) Sapor I., 240273 A.D.; (2) Sapor II., 310381 A.D.

    prōsperus, a, um [prō + spēs], adj.

    according to one's hopes, favorable, prosperous

    Singara, ae, f.

    a city in Mesopotamia, on the Tigris

    ferōcia, ae [ferōx, fierce], f.

    fierceness, courage, cruelty

    sēditiōsē [sēditiō], adv.

    seditiously

    stolidē, adv.

    stupidly, stolidly

    praeceps, cipitis [prae + caput], adj.

    headlong, hasty; steep, precipitous

    Cōnstāns, antis, m.

    the youngest of the three sons of Constantine the Great 2

    nex, necis, f.

    death; murder, slaughter

    Māgnentius, ī, m.

    Roman emperor, 350–353 A.D.

    Ītalia, ae, f.

    Italy

    Āfrica, ae, f.

    Africa; often the northern part of the continent, especially the part near Carthage

    Gallia, ae, f.

    the country of the Gauls; modern France and the territories on the west bank of the Rhine. The northern part of Italy was settled by Gauls, and was called Gallia Cisalpina; hence the pl. Galliae.

    obtineō, ēre, uī, tentus

    to hold, possess; rule, govern

    Īllyricum, ī, n.

    a country east of the Adriatic Sea

    Vetraniō, ōnis, m.

    a commander of the legions in Illyria who was proclaimed emperor by the troops

    cōnsēnsus, ūs [cōnsentiō], m.

    consent, assent, united opinion; ex commūnī cōnsēnsū, by common consent

    grandaevus, a, um [grandis + aevum, age], adj.

    aged

    amābilis, e [amō, to love], adj.

    worthy of love, lovely, amiable

    diūturnitās, ātis [diūturnus], f.

    long continuance, length of time

    fēlīcitās, ātis [fēlīx], f.

    good fortune, success

    mīlitia, ae [mīles], f.

    military service

    tueor, ērī, tūtus or tuitus sum

    to defend, protect

    probus, -a, -um

    honest, truthful, honorable

    iūcundus, a, um, adj.

    pleasant; pleasing, joyful, dear

    cīvīlitās, ātis [cīvīlis], f.

    courteousness, politeness, affability

    līberālis, e [līber], adj.

    liberal, generous

    expers, tis [ex + pars], adj.

    having no part in; destitute of, devoid of, free from, without

    elementum, ī, n.

    a first principle, simple substance; rudiments

    quidem, adv.

    indeed, in fact, to be sure; nē . . . quidem, not even, not at all

     

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