10.1

(1) Hīs igitur abeuntibus administrātiōne reī pūblicae Cōnstantius et Gālerius Augustī creātī sunt dīvīsusque inter eōs ita Rōmānus orbis, ut Gallias, Ītaliam, Āfricam Cōnstantius, Īllyricum, Asiam, Orientem Gālerius obtinēret sūmptīs duōbus Caesaribus.

(2) Cōnstantius tamen contentus dīgnitāte Augustī Ītaliae atque Āfricae administrandae sollicitūdinem recūsāvit, vir ēgregius et praestantissimae cīvīlitātis, dīvitiīs prōvinciālium ac prīvātōrum studēns, fiscī commoda nōn admodum adfectāns dīcēnsque melius pūblicās opēs ā prīvātīs habērī quam intrā ūnum claustrum reservārī, adeō autem cultūs modicī, ut festīs diēbus, sī amīcīs numerōsiōribus esset epulandum, prīvātōrum eī argentō ōstiātim petītō trīclīnia sternerentur.

(3) Hic nōn modo amābilis, sed etiam venerābilis Gallīs fuit, praecipuē quod Dioclētiānī suspectam prūdentiam et Maximiānī sanguināriam temeritātem imperiō ēius ēvāserant. Obiit Britanniā Eborācī prīncipātūs annō tertiō decimō atque inter dīvōs relātus est.

    Constantius I and Galerius Emperors, 305306 CE

    (1) Hīs igitur abeuntibus: referring to previous Emperors, Diocletian and Maximian, who abdicated in 305 CE (Brev. 9.27)

    dīvīsusque inter eōs ita: "was divided between them in such a way that..." anticipating a result clause (AG 537)

    sūmptīs duōbus Caesaribus: referring to the Caesars Maximinus and Severus, who will be named just below (Brev. 10.2)

    (2) Ītaliae atque Āfricae administrandae: "of governing Italy and Africa," genitive gerundive form (AG 507)

    studēns: "devoted to" + dative

    commoda:  "benefits"

    adfectāns: "striving after" + accusative

    dīcēnsque ... claustrum reservārīorder: dīcēns melius [esse] pūblicās opēs habērī ā prīvātīs quam [pūblicās opēs] reservārī intrā ūnum claustrum. 

    claustrum: "cage," "prison"

    adeō ... cultūs modicī: "of so modest a mode of living," introducing a result clause (AG 537) (Hazzard)

    sī esset epulandum: "if he had to give a banquet," neuter gerundive used impersonally (AG 500.3)

    argentō: "with silverware"

    trīclīnia sternerentur: "tables would be set" (LS sterno II.A.1). For more information on Roman dining practices, see triclinium.

    (3) Gallīs: "to the Gauls" (dative of person judging, AG 378). He had reserved Gaul for his peculiar province (Hazzard).

    Eborācī: "at York" (locative case, AG 427.3). Constantius was on an expedition against the Picts (Hazzard).

    imperiō eius: "under his rule"

    prīncipātūs annō tertiō decimō: 306 CE

    inter dīvōs: Constantius I was deified according to custom for Roman emperors. See Smith, s.v. Apotheosis.

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    administrātiō, ōnis, f.

    management, government

    Cōnstantius, ī, m.

    (1) Cōnstantius Chlōrus, father of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 305–306 A.D.; (2) Cōnstantius, third son of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 337–361 A.D.

    Gālerius, ī, m.

    Gālerius (Valerius) Māximiānus, Roman emperor, 305–311 A.D.

    Augustus, ī, m.

    a title of honor given to Octavianus in 27 BC and after him to all the Roman emperors

    Gallia, ae, f.

    the country of the Gauls; modern France and the territories on the west bank of the Rhine. The northern part of Italy was settled by Gauls, and was called Gallia Cisalpina; hence the pl. Galliae.

    Ītalia, ae, f.

    Italy

    Āfrica, ae, f.

    Africa; often the northern part of the continent, especially the part near Carthage

    Īllyricum, ī, n.

    a country east of the Adriatic Sea

    Asia, ae, f.

    Asia; the Roman province of Asia Minor

    Oriēns, entis [orior], m. (sc. sōl)

    the East, the Orient

    obtineō, ēre, uī, tentus

    to hold, possess; rule, govern

    Caesar, aris, m.

    a family name in the Julian gens. (1) C. Iūlius Caesar, the famous dictator; (2) Sex. Iūlius Caesar, uncle of the dictator. Consul 91 B.C.; (3) C. Octāviānus, the emperor Augustus

    contentus, a, um [contineō], adj.

    content, satisfied 2

    administrō, āre, āvī, ātus [ad + ministrō, to manage]

    to manage, govern, regulate, carry on (war)

    sollicitūdō, inis [sollicitus, agitated], f.

    uneasiness of mind, care, anxiety

    recūsō, āre, āvī, ātus [re + causa]

    to refuse, object, decline, hesitate

    praestans -ntis

    superior, excellent, distinguished, extraordinary (see praestō)

    cīvīlitās, ātis [cīvīlis], f.

    affability, lack of pretension

    prōvinciālis, is, m.

    a provincial

    fiscus, ī, m.

    the treasury

    commodum, ī [commodus], n.

    convenience, advantage, utility

    admodum [ad + modus], adv.

    very, exceedingly

    adfectō, āre, āvī, ātus [ad + fectō, freq. of faciō]

    to strive after, aspire to

    claustrum, ī [claudō], n.

    cage, prison; barrier

    reservō, āre, āvī, ātus

    to keep back, reserve, preserve

    cultus, ūs [colō], m.

    cultivation, worship; culture, training; mode of life; dress, splendor

    modicus, a, um [modus], adj.

    small, moderate

    fēstus, a, um, adj.

    festive; diēs fēstus, feast day

    numerōsus, a, um [numerus], adj.

    numerous

    epulor, epulārī

    to feast, banquet

    ōstiātim, adv.

    from door to door, from house to house

    trīclīnium, ī, n.

    a couch for three persons reclining at meals, a dinner sofa

    sternō, ere, strāvī, strātus

    to lay low, scatter; pave; set (a table)

    amābilis, e [amō, to love], adj.

    worthy of love, lovely, amiable 3

    venerābilis, e [veneror], adj.

    venerable, reverend

    Gallus, a, um

    pertaining to Gaul. Gallī, ōrum, pl. m., the Gauls. Gallus, ī, m., a Roman cognomen: (1) C. (Cn.) Cornēlius Gallus, governor of Egypt under Augustus; (2) Gallus Hostīliānus, Roman emperor 251–253 A.D.

    praecipuē [praecipuus], adv.

    chiefly, principally, especially

    Dioclētiānus, ī, m.

    (Valerius) Dioclētiānus, emperor 284–305 A.D.

    suspectus, a, um [orig. part. of suspiciō], adj.

    mistrusted, suspected

    prūdentia, ae, f.

    foresight, practical wisdom, good sense

    Māximiānus, ī, m.

    (1) Gālerius (Valerius) Māximiānus, Roman emperor, 305–311 A.D.; (2) (M. Aurēlius Valerius) Māximiānus, surnamed Herculius, Roman emperor 286–305 A.D.

    sanguinārius, a, um [sanguis], adj.

    bloodthirsty, bloody, sanguinary

    temeritās, ātis [temerē, rashly], f.

    rashness, heedlessness, temerity

    ēvādō, ere, vāsī, vāsus

    to escape; get to be, become

    obeō, īre, īvī (iī), itus

    to go to meet; attend to, perform; die, perish

    Britannia, ae, f.

    Britain, England and Scotland; in the pl. includes Ireland

    Eborācum, ī, n.

    a city in Britain, modern York

    prīncipātus, ūs [prīnceps], m.

    reign, sovereignty

     

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