10.6

(1) Varia deinceps inter eōs bella, et pāx reconciliāta ruptaque est. Postrēmō Licinius nāvālī et terrestrī proeliō victus apud Nicomediam sē dēdidit et contrā religiōnem sacrāmentī Thessalonīcae prīvātus occīsus est.

(2) Eō tempore rēs Rōmāna sub ūnō Augustō et tribus Caesaribus, quod numquam aliās, fuit, cum līberī Cōnstantīnī Galliae, Orientī Ītaliaeque praeessent.

(3) Vērum īnsolentiā rērum secundārum aliquantum Cōnstantīnus ex illā favōrābilī animī docilitāte mūtāvit. Prīmum necessitūdinēs persecūtus ēgregium virum fīlium et sororis filium commodae indolis iuvenem interfēcit, mox uxōrem, post numerōsōs amīcōs.

    The defeat of Licinius. Constantine the Great as Sole Ruler, 324337 CE

    (1) eōs: Constantine and Licinius

    apud Nicomediam: this victory, September 323 CE, made Constantine the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Licinius was made a prisoner, and although his life was spared for a time, Constantine had him put to death in 324 CE (Hazzard). See Nicomedia.

    contrā religiōnem sacrāmentī: "obligation of the oath" (LS religio II.A.c)

    Thessalonīcae: "at Thessalonica" (locative case, AG 427.3)

    prīvātus: "as a private citizen" (i.e., no longer in power)

    (2) Eō tempore: 325 CE

    tribus Caesaribus: they were the sons of Constantine the Great: Constantine, Constans, and Constantius (Hazzard)

    (3) īnsolentiā: "due to arrogance" 

    rērum secundārum: "of good times"/ "of success" (LS secundus I.B.3)

    ēgregium virum fīlium et sororis filium: see Crispus & Licinius II

    commodae indolis iuvenem: genitive of quality (AG 345)

    mox uxōrem: see Fausta

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

     

    deinceps [deinde + capiō], adv.

    one after the other, successively; next, moreover

    reconciliō, āre, āvī, ātus

    to procure again, regain; reunite, reconcile

    postrēmō [posterus], adv.

    at last, finally

    Licinius, ī, m. the name of a Roman gens.

    (P. Flavius) Licinius, Roman emperor 307–324 A.D.

    nāvālis, e [nāvis], adj.

    naval

    terrester, tris, tre [terra], adj.

    of the earth or land

    Nīcomēdia, ae, f.

    the capital city of Bithynia in Asia Minor

    dēdō, dere, didī, ditus

    to give up, surrender; devote

    religiō, ōnis, f.

    sense of duty; religion, devotion to the gods; scruple

    sacrāmentum, ī [sacrō], n.

    an oath

    Thessalonīca, ae, f.

    a city in Macedonia

    Augustus, ī, m.

    a title of honor given to Octavianus in 27 BC and after him to all the Roman emperors 2

    Caesar, aris, m.

    a family name in the Julian gens. (1) C. Iūlius Caesar, the famous dictator; (2) Sex. Iūlius Caesar, uncle of the dictator. Consul 91 B.C.; (3) C. Octāviānus, the emperor Augustus

    Cōnstantīnus, ī, m.

    (1) Cōnstantīnus, surnamed "the Great." Roman emperor 306–337 A.D.; (2) Cōnstantīnus, son of (1)

    Gallia, ae, f.

    the country of the Gauls; modern France and the territories on the west bank of the Rhine. The northern part of Italy was settled by Gauls, and was called Gallia Cisalpina; hence the pl. Galliae.

    Oriēns, entis [orior], m. (sc. sōl)

    the rising sun, the East, the Orient

    Ītalia, ae, f.

    Italy

    praesum, praeesse, fuī, —

    to be over or before; rule, govern, be in command of

    vērum [vērus, true], adv.

    truly, certainly; but 3

    īnsolentia, ae [īnsolēns], f.

    unusualness; haughtiness, arrogance, insolence

    aliquantum, adv.

    somewhat

    favōrābilis, e [favor], adj.

    favored, in favor; winning favor, pleasing

    docilitās, ātis [docilis, teachable], f.

    teachableness, docility

    necessitūdō, inis [necesse, necessary], f.

    friendship, intimacy

    persequor, ī, secūtus sum

    to pursue, prosecute; relate

    commodus, a, um [con + modus], adj.

    in due measure, suitable, fit, convenient

    indolēs, is, f.

    nature, disposition

    iuvenis, e, adj., comp. iūnior

    young

    numerōsus, a, um [numerus], adj.

    in full numbers, numerous, manifold

     

    article nav
    Previous
    Next