10.12

(1) Nōn multō post Māgnentius apud Mursam prōflīgātus aciē est ac paene captus. Ingentēs Rōmānī imperiī vīrēs eā dīmicātiōne cōnsūmptae sunt, ad quaelibet bella externa idōneae, quae multum triumphōrum possent sēcūritātisque cōnferre.

(2) Orientī mox ā Cōnstantiō Caesar est datus patruī fīlius Gallus Māgnentiusque dīversīs proeliīs victus vim vītae suae apud Lugdūnum attulit imperiī annō tertiō, mēnse septimō, frāter quoque eius Senonis, quem ad tuendās Galliās Caesarem mīserat.

    The usurper Magnentius is defeated; Constantine II makes his cousin, Gallus, Caesar (353 CE).

    (1) Māgnentius: see Magnentius

    apud Mursam: see Mursa

    ad quaelibet bella externa: "for any foreign wars" 

    multum: "many," or "much" followed by partitive genitive (AG 346) triumphōrum ... sēcūritātisque

    (2) Orientī: the eastern half of the empire, dative after est datus .

    ā Cōnstantiō: see Constantius

    Gallus: see Constantius Gallus

    vim vītae suae ... attulit: "committed suicide" (LS affero I.B.β)

    apud Lugdūnum: see Lyon

    Senonis: Sens

    ad tuendās Galliās:  gerund denoting purpose  (AG 503)

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    Māgnentius, ī, m.

    Roman emperor, 350–353 A.D.

    Mursa, ae, f.

    a town in Pannonia

    prōflīgō, āre, āvī, ātus

    to rout, overthrow

    dīmicātiō, ōnis [dīmicō], f.

    a combat, struggle

    quīlibet, quaelibet, quodlibet (quidlibet), indef. pron.

    any one you please, any one, who or whatsoever

    externus, a, um [exter, outer], adj.

    external, foreign, strange

    idōneus, a, um, adj.

    suitable, fit; capable

    triumphus, ī, m.

    a triumph, a splendid procession in which the victorious general entered the city accompanied by his soldiers and the spoil and captives he had taken. The procession passed around the Capitoline Hill into the Via Sacra, then into the Forum, and up to the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus.

    sēcūritās, ātis [sēcūrus, free from care], f.

    freedom from care, security

    Oriēns, entis [orior], m. (sc. sōl)

    the rising sun, the East, the Orient 2

    Cōnstantius, ī, m.

    (1) Cōnstantius Chlōrus, father of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 305–306 A.D.; (2) Cōnstantius, third son of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 337–361 A.D.

    Caesar, aris, m.

    a family name in the Julian gens. (1) C. Iūlius Caesar, the famous dictator; (2) Sex. Iūlius Caesar, uncle of the dictator. Consul 91 B.C.; (3) C. Octāviānus, the emperor Augustus

    patruus, ī [pater], m.

    of a father's brother, paternal uncle

    Gallus, a, um

    pertaining to Gaul. Gallī, ōrum, pl. m., the Gauls. Gallus, ī, m., a Roman cognomen: (1) C. (Cn.) Cornēlius Gallus, governor of Egypt under Augustus; (2) Gallus Hostīliānus, Roman emperor 251–253 A.D.

    Māgnentius, ī, m.

    Roman emperor, 350–353 A.D.

    Lugdūnum, ī, n.

    a city in Gaul, now Lyons

    mēnsis, is, m.

    a month

    Decentius, ī, m.

    Māgnus Decentius, brother of Magnentius, by whom he was created Caesar, 351 A.D.

    Senonēs, um, pl. m.

    (1) a people of Celtic Gaul; (2) the chief city of the Senones

    tueor, ērī, tūtus or tuitus sum

    to look at, watch; defend, protect

    Gallia, ae, f.

    the country of the Gauls; modern France and the territories on the west bank of the Rhine. The northern part of Italy was settled by Gauls, and was called Gallia Cisalpina; hence the pl. Galliae.

     

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