6.1

(1) M. Aemiliō Lepidō Q. Catulō cōnsulibus, cum Sulla rem pūblicam composuisset, bella nova exārsērunt: ūnum in Hispāniā, aliud in Pamphȳliā et Ciliciā, tertium in Macedoniā, quārtum in Dalmatiā.

(2) Nam Sertōrius, quī partium Mariānārum fuerat, timēns fortūnam cēterōrum, quī interēmptī erant, ad bellum commōvit Hispāniās. Missī sunt contrā eum ducēs Q. Caecilius Metellus fīlius eius, quī Iugurtham rēgem vīcit, et L. Domitius praetor. Ā Sertōrīī duce Hirtuleiō Domitius occīsus est. Metellus variō successū contrā Sertōrium dīmicāvit. Posteā cum inpār pūgnae sōlus Metellus putārētur, Cn. Pompēius ad Hispāniās missus est.

(3) Ita duōbus ducibus adversīs Sertōrius fortūnā variā saepe pūgnāvit. Octāvō dēmum annō per suōs occīsus est et fīnis et bellō datus per Cn. Pompēium adulēscentem et Q. Metellum Pium, atque omnēs prope Hispāniae in diciōnem populī Rōmānī redāctae.

    War with Sertorius, 7872 BCE

    Livy, Epitome 90–94. Appian, Civil Wars 1.13.107–113. Plutarch, Sertorius; Pompey 16 ff.

    (1) M. Aemiliō Lepidō Q. Catulō cōnsulibus: Ablative absolute with a form of esse understood (AG 419.a). In 79 BCE Sulla resigned his dictatorship and retired to Campania where he died the following year, during the consulship of Lepidus and Catulus

    cum Sulla rem pūblicam composuisset: cum is used circumstantially (AG 546). Eutropius uses euphemistic language to refer to Sulla’s bloody dictatorship, thereby portraying Sulla in a more positive light.

    ūnum in Hispāniā: supply bellum. Eutropius describes the war against Sertorius in this chapter.

    aliud in Pamphȳliā et Ciliciā: supply bellum Eutropius will describe the events of this war in Brev. 6.3.

    tertium in Macedoniā: supply bellum. Eutropius will describe the events of this war in Brev. 6.2.

    quārtum in Dalmatiā: supply bellum. Eutropius will describe the events of this war in Brev. 6.4.

    (2) Sertōrius: Quintus Sertorius, a Sabine by birth, served under Marius in the war against the Teutones. Before the battle of Aquae Sextiae he entered the camp of the enemy in disguise. In 83 BCE he went to Spain and became the leader of the Lusitanians (Hazzard, citing Creighton).

    partium Mariānārum: "a supporter of Marius," partitive genitive (AG 346)

    commōvit Hispāniās: Q. Sertorius was sent to govern the whole of Roman Spain as praetor probably in 83 BCE. Expelled by Sulla’s appointee Annius Luscus in 81 BCE, he returned from Tingis (Tangier). The following year at the request of the Lusitanians he gained the support of the native tribes and anti-Sullan Romans and for a time controlled most of Roman Spain. He and his ally, Hirtuleius, were successful against a number of Roman commanders including Pompey until he was gradually worn down by the latter and Metellus. In 72 BCE he was assassinated by his lieutenant, Perperna, who was quickly defeated by Pompey, and the war came to an end (Bird).

    fīlius eius: Metellus’ father was Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus, who fought in the Jugurthine War, seen in Brev. 4.27.

    L. Domitius praetor: see Marcus Domitius Calvinus (praetor 80 BCE)

    inpār pūgnae: i.e., unsuccessful

    (3) adversīs: "opposing"

    Octāvō dēmum annō: Sertorius was killed in 72 BCE.

    per suōs: "by his own men." Sertorius was killed by Perperna.

    redāctae: supply sunt

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    M.

    M., abbreviation of the praenomen Marcus; M'., abbreviation of the praenomen Manius

    Aemilius, ī, m.

    the name of a Roman gens; Lūcius Aemilius, consul 224 B.C.; Mārcus Aemilius (Mamercus), dictator

    Lepidus, ī, m.

    M. Aemilius Lepidus, a member of the Second Triumvirate, consul 46 B.C.

    Q.

    abbreviation of the praenomen Quīntus

    Catulus, ī, m.

    a family name at Rome. (1) C. Lutātius Catulus, consul 242 B.C.; (2) Q. Lutātius (Catulus), consul 241 B.C.; (3) Q. Lutātius Catulus, consul 202 B.C.; (4) Q. (Lutātius) Catulus, consul 78 B.C.

    Sulla, ae, m.

    L. Cornēlius Sulla, surnamed Felix, consul 88 B.C.

    exārdēscō, ere, ārsī, ārsus [ex + ārdēscō, to take fire] to take fire, flare up; be angry
    Hispānia, ae, f.

    Spain (including Portugal). It was divided into two provinces, Hispania Citerior and Ulterior; hence the pl. Hispaniae.

    Pamphȳlia, ae, f. a division of Asia Minor
    Cilicia, ae, f.

    a division of Asia Minor, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea

    Macedonia, ae, f.

    an extensive country north of Greece, between Thessaly and Thrace

    Dalmatia, ae, f.

    a country bordering on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea

    Sertōrius, ī, m.

    Q. Sertōrius, an officer in the army of Marius. He went to Spain as propraetor in 82 B.C. and maintained an independent command until his death in 72 B.C.  2

    Mariānus, a, um, adj.

    belonging or pertaining to Marius

    interimō, ere, ēmī, ēmptus to take from the midst of, kill
    commoveō, ēre, mōvī, mōtus

    to arouse, disturb, move, influence

    Caecilius, ī, m.

    the name of a Roman gens. Q. Caecilius, consul 206 B.C.

    Metellus, ī, m.

    (1) C. Caecilius Metellus, consul 113 B.C.; (2) L. Caecilius Metellus, consul 251 B.C.; (3) L. Caecilius Metellus, consul 123 B.C.; (4) (Q. Caecilius) Metellus Macedonicus, consul 143 B.C.; (5) Q. Caecilius Metellus (Numidicus), consul 109 B.C.; (6) Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus, consul 69 B.C.; (7) L. (Caecilius) Metellus, carried on war against Mithradates; (8) M. (Caecilius) Metellus

    Iugurtha, ae, m. Jugurtha, king of Numidia.
    Domitius, ī, m.

    a Roman family name. (1) Cn. Domitius, consul 32 B.C.; (2) L. Domitius, a Roman general in the war with Sertorius.

    Hirtulēius, ī, m.

    a distinguished general of Sertorius in Spain

    successus, ūs [succēdō], m. favorable outcome, success
    dīmicō, āre, āvī, ātus to fight
    impār, paris [in + pār], adj. unequal
    Cn.

    abbreviation of the praenomen Gnaeus

    Pompēius, ī, m.

    (1) Cn. Pompēius, consul 89 B.C.; (2) Cn. Pompēius, surnamed Magnus, the triumvir, consul 70 B.C.; (3) Cn. Pompēius, son of the triumvir; (4) Q. Pompēius, consul 141 B.C.; (5) Sex. Pompēius, younger son of the triumvir

    dēmum, adv.

    at last, finally; tum dēmum, then at last, not till then  3

    adulēscēns, entis [adolēscō, to grow up], m.

    young; as substantive, a young man

    Pius -ī m. a Roman cognomen
    diciō, ōnis, f. dominion, sovereignty, sway, rule
    redigō, ere, ēgī, āctus

    to drive back; reduce; render, bring

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