10.11

(1) Sed ā Cōnstantiō, quī ad ultiōnem frāternae necis bellum cīvīle commōverat, abrogātum est Vetraniōnī imperium; novō inūsitātōque mōre cōnsēnsū mīlitum dēpōnere īnsīgne conpulsus.

(2) Rōmae quoque tumultus fuit, Nepotiānō Cōnstantīnī sorōris fīliō per gladiātōriam manum imperium vindicante. Quī saevīs exōrdiīs dīgnum exitum nactus est. Vīcēsimō enim atque octāvō diē ā Māgnentiānīs ducibus oppressus poenās dedit. Caput ēius pīlō per urbem circumlātum est gravissimaeque prōscrīptiōnēs et nōbilium caedēs fuērunt.

    Vetranio is deposed; the rebellion of Nepotianus  (350 CE)

    (1) ā Cōnstantiō: see Constantius

    Vetraniōnī: "of Vetranio," dative of possession 

    īnsīgne:  "insignia," "emblems," i.e., imperial power

    conpulsus: supply est > compello

    (2) Rōmae: "at Rome," locative case (AG 427.3)

    Nepotiānō: see Nepotianus

    Cōnstantīnī sorōris fīliō: see Eutropia

    manum: "band," "group" (LS manus II.M)

    quī: Nepotianus

    saevīs exōrdiīs: ablative after dignum

    poenās dedit: "was punished" (LS do I)

    prōscrīptiōnēs: "From the time of Sulla (82 BCE) <prōscrīptiō> came to mean the sale of the property of those whom he had condemned to death and who were themselves styled proscripti. During the civil strife of the following fifty years, other leaders used the precedent thus established as a means of weakening the opposing party. A famous proscription is that of the Second Triumvirate (43 BCE), under which Cicero was put to death" (Harpers, s.v. proscriptio).

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Date

    Cōnstantius, ī, m.

    (1) Cōnstantius Chlōrus, father of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 305–306 A.D.; (2) Cōnstantius, third son of Constantine the Great. Roman emperor 337–361 A.D.

    ultiō, ōnis [ulcīscor, to avenge], f.

    revenge

    frāternus, a, um [frāter], adj.

    brother's, brotherly

    nex, necis, f.

    death; murder, slaughter

    cīvīlis, e [cīvis], adj.

    pertaining to a citizen; civil; polite, moderate

    commoveō, ēre, mōvī, mōtus

    to arouse, disturb, move, influence

    abrogō, āre, āvī, ātus

    annul, abrogate

    Vetraniō, ōnis, m.

    a commander of the legions in Illyria who was proclaimed emperor by the troops

    inūsitātus, a, um [in + ūsitātus, usual], adj.

    unusual, unfamiliar, novel

    cōnsēnsus, ūs [cōnsentiō], m.

    consent, assent, united opinion; ex commūnī cōnsēnsū, by common consent

    dēpōnō, ere, posuī, positus

    to lay down or aside, put down; stop; arrange, establish

    īnsīgne, is [īnsīgnis], n.

    a sign, badge, ornament

    compellō, ere, pulī, pulsus

    to urge on, incite, impel

    tumultus, ūs, m.

    a disturbance, uproar; rebellion, riot 2

    Nepotiānus, ī, m.

    (Flavius Popilius), Nepotiānus, Roman emperor for 28 days in 350 A.D.

    Cōnstantīnus, ī, m.

    (1) Cōnstantīnus, surnamed "the Great." Roman emperor 306–337 A.D.; (2) Cōnstantīnus, son of (1)

    gladiātōrius, a, um [gladiātor], adj.

    pertaining to a gladiator, gladiatorial

    vindicō, āre, āvī, ātus [vīs + dīcō]

    to claim; liberate; avenge, take vengeance on

    exōrdium, ī [ex + ōrdō], n.

    a beginning

    exitus, ūs [exeō], m.

    a going out, way of egress; result

    nancīscor, ī, nactus sum

    to get, obtain

    Māgnentiānus, a, um

    belonging to or pertaining to Māgnentius

    opprimō, ere, pressī, pressus

    to crush utterly, overpower, overwhelm

    pīlum, ī, n.

    a heavy javelin; pike

    circumferō, ferre, tulī, lātus

    to cast around, go around

    prōscrīptiō, ōnis [prōscrībō], f.

    a public notice of sale, proscription

     

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