Greek texts

Boter, G. 1999. The Encheiridion of Epictetus and its Three Christian Adaptations. Leiden: Brill.

Schenkl, H. 1916. Epicteti Dissertationes ab Arriano Digestae. Leipzig: Teubner. Editio maior, 2nd ed. Includes testimonia.


Long, A.A. 2018. How to be Free: An Ancient Guide to the Stoic Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Oldfather, W.A. 1928. Epictetus: The Discourses as Reported by Arrian, the Manual, and Fragments. Vol. 2. Discourses Books 3 and 4, Tha Manual, and Fragments. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Smith, S. 2014.  “Epictetus, A Handbook of Stoic Philosophy.” In Ancient Rome: An Anthology of Sources, edited by Christopher Francese and R. Scott Smith. Indianapolis: Hackett. 

White, N.P. 1983. Epictetus: The Handbook (The Encheiridion). Indianapolis: Hackett.


Brant, U. 2015. Kommntar zu Epiktets Encheiridion. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.


List of manuscripts of the Encheiridion at Pinakes

The Thought of Epictetus

Graver, M. 2007Stoicism and Emotion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Graver, M. 2019. “Epictetus.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Accessed July 18, 2019.

Hadot, P. 1995. Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault. Translated by M. Chase, edited by A.I. Davidson. Malden, MA: Blackwell. French original 1987 (2nd edition).

Johnson, B. 2014The Role Ethics of Epictetus: Stoicism in Ordinary Life. Lanham: Lexington Books. Review by Margaret Graver.

Long, A.A. 2002Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. See also M. Graver’s review in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 25 (2003): 343–359.

Seddon, K. “Epictetus (55–135 C.E.).” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Accessed July 17, 2019.

Stephens, W.O. 2007. Stoic Ethics: Epictetus and Happiness as Freedom. London and New York: Continuum Intl. Publ. Group.


Adamson, Peter. 2012. “You Can Chain My Leg: Epictetus.” The History of Philosophy without Any Gaps, Episode 66. Accessed July 17, 2019.

Adamson, Peter. 2012. “John Sellars on the Roman Stoics.” The History of Philosophy without Any Gaps, Episode 68. Accessed July 17, 2019.

Stoic Thought

Long, A.A. 1986. Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Sandbach, F.H. 1975. The Stoics. London: Chatto & Windus.

Fragments of the Early Stoa

Long, A.A. and D. Sedley. 1987. Hellenistic Philosophers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2 vols.


Holiday, Ryan and Stepehen Hanselman. A Model of Late Stoic Practice and a Glossary of Key Terms and Passages. 2016.

Suggested Citation

Albert Watanabe, Epictetus: Encheiridion. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2020. ISBN: 978-1-947822-13-9