Alphabet

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1. Greek is written with twenty-four letters.

Letter Sound Name
Α α a in far ἄλφα alpha
Β β b βῆτα beta
Γ γ g in go γάμμα gamma
Δ δ d δέλτα delta
Ε ε

ĕ in met

εἶ
ἒ ψῑλόν
epsilon
Ζ ζ dz ζῆτα zeta
Η η German ä ἦτα eta
Θ θ th in thin θῆτα theta
Ι ι i in pique ἰῶτα iota
Κ κ k κάππα kappa
Λ λ l λάμβδα lambda
Μ μ m μῦ mu
Ν ν n νῦ nu
Ξ ξ ks
x in wax
ξεῖ
ξῖ
xei, xi
Ο ο

ŏ in obey

οὖ
ὂ μῑκρόν
omicron
Π π p πεῖ
πῖ
pei
pi
Ρ ρ r ῥῶ rho
Σ σ, ς s in see σίγμα sigma
Τ τ t in to ταῦ tau
Υ υ French u
German ü

ὖ ψῑλόν
upsilon
Φ φ ph in Philip φεῖ
φῖ
phei
phi
Χ χ German ch χεῖ
χῖ
chei
chi
Ψ ψ ps ψεῖ
ψῖ
psei
psi
Ω ω ō
ὦ μέγα
omega

a. The form is used only at the end of a word.

στάσις

b. Εἶ, ξεῖ, οὖ, πεῖ, , φεῖ, χεῖ, ψεῖ, are the classical Attic names for those letters; the other names for them, though now the common ones, came into use in the Middle Ages.

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Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/goodell/alphabet