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213. In early Greek ὅς, , was demonstrative, like , , τό (§ 205). In Attic it retains this force in a few phrases (§ 560), but is commonly relative, meaning who, which, that. The forms are:


215. To the demonstratives in §§ 211 and 212 correspond the relatives

οἷος, οἵᾱ, οἷον of which kind, (such) as
[Latin qualis: of quality]
ὅσος, ὅση, ὅσον of which size or number, (as great or many) as
[Latin quantus or quot: of quantity]
ἡλίκος, ἡλίκη, ἡλίκον of which age or value

216. The enclitic particle -περ added to a relative pronoun (or adverb; see § 236) makes more distinct the reference to the antecedent, which is thereby emphasized.

ὅπερ  which very thing, the very thing which
ὥσπερ  just as

θέλω ἅπερ σύ
I wish the very things that you do.
Eur. Ipheginia in Tauris, 991

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.