Contraction

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29. Two syllables of the same word, not separated by a consonant (especially if the first ends in a short open vowel), are often united into one. The general rules observed in contraction are:

a. Two like vowels unite into their long, εε becoming ει and οο becoming ου (that is, the simple digraphs; cp. 27).

b. A short vowel disappears in a following diphthong that begins with the same vowel or with the corresponding long.

c. An ο-sound (ο, ω, ου, οι) prevails over an a- or e-sound (α, , ε, η, ει), οε and εο becoming ου.

d. Of a- and e-sounds the one that precedes prevails.

e. An open vowel and a close vowel make a diphthong.

30.  a. The accent is unchanged by contraction, unless one of the syllables contracted was accented.

b. If the accent was on the first of these, the contract syllable has the circumflex; if on the second, the acute.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/goodell/contraction