98. Tο the consonant declension belong, among nouns,
- Liquid stems ending in -λ, -ν, -ρ;
- Guttural stems ending in -κ, -γ, -χ;
- Labial and dental stems ending in -π, -β, and in -τ, -δ, -θ;
- Neuter stems ending in -τ;
- Masculine stems ending in -ντ;
- Stems ending in -εσ, -ασ;
- Stems ending in -ι, -υ;
- Stems ending in -ευ, -αυ, -ου;
- Stems ending in -ω, -ο;
- Some irregular nouns.
99. Liquid Stems in -λ, -ν
a. Not so, however, the genitive plural (and dual) of
ὁ / ἡ παῖς, παιδ-ός child
ὁ Τρώς, Τρω-ός Trojan
τὸ οὖς, ὠτ-ός ear
ὁ δμώς, δμω-ός slave (poetic)
Thus παιδ-ί, παι-σί, but παίδ-ων, παίδ-οιν.
a. Οmit the case-ending -ς and lengthen a short ultima (40).
δαίμων for δαιμον-ς
ῥήτωρ for ῥητορ-ς
b. But note ὁ δελφῑ́ς (dolphin) for δελφῑν-ς and ἡ Σαλαμῑ́ς (Salamis) for Σαλαμῑν-ς.
c. As a vocative singular they use the nominative if the ultima is accented; otherwise the simple stem.
d. For λιμέ-σι, δαίμο-σι, see 51.d.
105. A few common stems in -ερ make a class by themselves. They accent the ending in the genitive and dative singular as if monosyllabic, reject -ε- in those cases, change -ερ to -ρα in the dative plural, and in the vocative singular have recessive accent (cp. Ἄπολλον, 104).
b. Nearly like μήτηρ except in accent is Δημήτηρ (Demeter)
b.The stem θριχ- (hair) follows 47.d.
c. The stem (ὁ) ἀνακτ- (king, chief) loses -τ- before -ς and -σι, and loses -κτ- in the vocative singular.
So, too, ἡ νύξ, νυκτ-ός (night), makes the dative plural νυξί.