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435. Compound words are analyzed by dividing into two members only; if either member is itself a compound, that is treated in the same way, and so on.

a. A few particles or adverbs are mere groups of three or more separate words, which might have been printed separately with no great change of meaning. Such are τον-γαρ-οῦν, κατ-αντι-πέρᾱς. These are not included here.

436. The second member alone of a compound carries the inflection, as verb, noun, or adjective. The first member is an uninflected word— as a preposition, or the adverb εὖ, or the inseparable ἀ(ν)- or δυσ-(441, 444)— or is used in the stem form.

a. In the pronoun ὅστις both parts are declined (220).

b. In a few words the first member is a noun in some case-form.

νεώσ-οικοι ship-houses

ναυσί-πορος passable by ships

ὁδοι-πόρος traveler (ὁδοι- locative, 228)

ὀρει-βάτης walking on the mountain

Ἑλλήσ-ποντος Helle's sea, Hellespont

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.