Stems in -εσ, -ασ

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Goodell: Noun Stems in -εσ, -ασ Chart, pt. 1

125. a. In neuter stems -εσ becomes -ος in the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular (25); elsewhere -σ- is lost (55.a and c), and concurrent vowels are contracted (29). But the genitive plural -έων is οften left uncontracted. The dual is rare.

b. Stems in -ασ likewise lose -σ- and contract.

126. τὸ κέρας (horn, wing [of an army]), has the inflection of two stems, κερᾱτ- and κερασ-.

Goddell: Noun Stems in -εσ, -ασ Chart, pt. 2

127. Proper names with stems in -εσ are nearly like the masculine of adjectives with stems in -εσ (151-154).

Goodell: Noun Stems in -εσ, -ασ Chart, pt. 3

128. a. Accusatives like Σωκράτην are formed on the model of α-declension masculines (71). For the accent of Σώκρατες see 153.a.

b. The forms in parenthesis appear in poetry.

c. Here belongs also

Goodell: Noun Stems in -εσ, -ασ Chart, pt. 4

129. The one stem in -οσ, αἰδοσ- (respect, shame) is declined in the singular only.

Goodell: Noun Stems in -εσ, -ασ Chart, pt. 5

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.