Derivation of Words

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399. Words formed directly from a verb stem are called verbals; those formed from a noun or adjective stem are called denominatives.

400. a. The shifting of vowels described in 25 and 26 is frequent in derivation, as in declension and conjugation.

b. As in conjugation (cp. 322 and a) a -σ-, of uncertain origin, is sometimes added to a verb stem before a suffix. So also -θ- in στα-θ-μός (station) from στα- (stand), and in ῥυ-θ-μός (rhythm) from ῥέω (ῥυ-) (flow).

c. A final stem vowel and the vowel of a suffix often contract.

d. A final vowel of a stem is sometimes dropt before a vowel.

e. The consonant changes described in 45-55 are made, as in conjugation (341, 345).

f. A final consonant is sometimes dropt before the ending.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.