Neuter Stems in -τ

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Goodell: Greek Neuter Stem Nouns in -τ paradigm

119. In the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular neuters take no case-ending; final is dropped (40). In τὸ γάλα, γάλακτ-ος (milk) final -κτ is dropped; τέρας is another form of the stem τερατ- (46).

120. Different but related stems appear in

τὸ ὕδωρ, ὕδατ-ος water
τὸ ἧπαρ, ἥπατ-ος liver
τὸ γόνυ, γόνατ-ος knee
τὸ δόρυ, δόρατ-ος spear
τὸ οὖς, ὠτ-ός ear
τὸ φῶς, φωτ-ός light (sing. only)

a. Φῶς is contracted (hence the accent, 30.b) from older φάος, which is the common form in verse.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.