Neuter Stems in -τ

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Goodell: Greek Neuter Stem Nouns in -τ paradigm

119. In the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular neuters take no case-ending; final is dropped (§​ 40). In τὸ γάλα, γάλακτ-ος (milk) final -κτ is dropped; τέρας is another form of the stem τερατ- (§​ 46).

120. Different but related stems appear in

τὸ ὕδωρ, ὕδατ-ος water
τὸ ἧπαρ, ἥπατ-ος liver
τὸ γόνυ, γόνατ-ος knee
τὸ δόρυ, δόρατ-ος spear
τὸ οὖς, ὠτ-ός ear
τὸ φῶς, φωτ-ός light (sing. only)

a. Φῶς is contracted (hence the accent, §​ 30.b) from older φάος, which is the common form in verse.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.