The Ω-Conjugation: Η-Passive Liquid Verbs

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334. Some liquid and mute verbs take -η:ε- instead of -θη:ε- as passive suffix; an -ε- in the verb stem usually becomes -α-.

στέλλω (στελ-, σταλ-) send, ἐ-στάλ-ην

335. The inflection is like that of the θη- passive, except that the imperative ending -θι is not changed (synopsis, § 336, below).

336. Synopsis of φαίνω (φαν-) show

  Liquid Aorist Α-Perfect Η-Passive
Ind. ἔφηνα πέφηνα
Subj. φήνω πεφήνω φανῶ
Opt. φήναιμι πεφήνοιμι φανείην
Imptv. φῆνον --- φάνηθι
Inf. φῆναι πεφηνέναι φανῆναι
Part. φήνᾱς πεφηνῶς φανείς

a. The future passive is formed regularly (§ 310).

φανήσομαι, φανησοίμην, φανήσεσθαι, φανησόμενος

b. H- passives are also formed from some mute verbs; see in the Verb-list βλάπτω, γράφω, ῥῑ́πτω, στρέφω.

337. Most verbs have only one of these passives; if both are made, some difference of meaning may appear.

φαίνω (φαν-show
ἐφάνθην was shown (passive)
ἐφάνην appeared (intransitive)

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.