(1) Ita ūnō tempore quattuor locīs pūgnābātur: in Ītaliā contrā Hannibalem, in Hispāniīs contrā frātrem eius Hasdrubalem, in Macedoniā contrā Philippum, in Sardiniā contrā Sardōs et alterum Hasdrubalem Carthāginiēnsem.

(2) Is ā T. Mānliō prōcōnsule, quī ad Sardiniam missus fuerat, vīvus est captus, occīsa cum eō duodecim mīlia, captī mīlle quīngentī, et ā Rōmānīs Sardinia subācta. Mānlius victor captīvōs et Hasdrubalem Rōmam reportāvit.

(3) Intereā etiam Philippus ā Laevīnō in Macedoniā vincitur et in Hispāniā ab Scīpiōnibus Hasdrubal et Māgō tertius frater Hannibalis.

    Mount of Victory, 212 BCE

    (1) pūgnābātur: "there was fighting," impersonal passive (AG 207). At this time, the Second Punic War was still raging, and campaigns were held simultaneously against Hannibal in Italy, his brother Hasdrubal in Spain, as well as his allies Philip V of Macedon and the city-states of Sardinia.

    in Hispāniīs: the two divisions of Spain, Hither and Further (Hazzard)

    alterum Hasdrubalem Carthāginiēnsem: see Hasdrubal the Bald, not Hannibal's famous brother.

    (2) Is: Hasdrubal  

    ā T. Mānliō prōcōnsule: see Titus Manlius Torquatus; "ex-consul." At the expiration of his term of office the consul was given a province to govern, under the title of proconsul (Hazzard).

    missus fuerat: missus esset. Eutropius generally uses essem, etc. in the Pluperfect Passive Subjunctive; he ordinarily uses fueram, etc., for eram in the Pluperfect Passive Indicative (Hazzard).

    occīsa duodecim mīlia: supply sunt. Hominum is also implied.

    captī cum eō mīlle quīngentī: supply sunt. Hominum is also implied.

    Sardinia subācta: supply est. Sardinia was a major supplier of grain to Rome. See Livy 23.40–41. (Bird).

    et Hasdrubalem: "including Hasdrubal" (Hazzard)

    (3) ā Laevīnō: In 214 M. Valerius Laevinus, the praetor, defeated Philip V at Apollonia and forced him to burn his ships. Livy 24.40 (Bird).

    vincitur: "was defeated." Eutropius occasionally uses the historical present (AG 469), rather than the perfect tense, with interea. See Brev. 3.11.2 and 3.15.1.

    ab Scīpiōnibus: In 212 the Scipios [P. Cornelius and Gnaeus] defeated three Carthaginian armies at the Mount of Victory, subsequently captured Castulo and Illiturgis, and again beat the Carthaginians at Munda, Auringis and Saguntum (Livy, 24.41–42) (Bird).

    Māgō: see Mago Barca

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates

    Hannibal, alis, m.

    the son of Hamilcar Barca, the great general of the Carthaginians in the second Punic war

    Hispānia, ae, f.

    Spain (including Portugal). It was divided into two provinces, Hispania Citerior and Ulterior; hence the pl. Hispaniae.

    Macedonia, ae, f.

    an extensive country north of Greece, between Thessaly and Thrace

    Philippus, ī, m.

    (1) Philip V., king of Macedonia 220—178 B.C.; (2) (M. Iūlius) Philippus I., Roman emperor 244–249 A.D.; (3) (M. Iūlius) Philippus II., son of (2); (4) L. Mārcius Philippus, consul 91 B.C.; (5) Q. Mārcius Philippus, consul 186 B.C.

    Sardinia, ae, f.

    Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea, west of Italy

    Sardī, ōrum, pl. m.

    the Sardinians, inhabitants of the island of Sardinia

    Hasdrubal, alis, m.

    (1) Surnamed Calvus, "the Bald," commander of the Carthaginian expedition to Sardinia in the second Punic war 215 B.C.; (2) Brother of Hannibal, defeated and slain at the battle of the Metaurus 207 B.C.; (3) The leader of the Carthaginians in the third Punic war 149–146 B.C.

    Carthāginiēnsis, e, adj.

    Carthaginian; as subst., Carthāginiēnsēs, ium, pl. m., the Carthaginians


    abbreviation of the praenomen Titus

    Mānlius, ī, m.

    (1) A. Mānlius, consul 241 B.C.; (2) M. Mānlius, consul 105 B.C.

    prōcōnsul, is [prō, in place of + cōnsul], m.

    a proconsul, governor of a province

    vīvus, a, um [vīvō], adj. living, alive  
    captīvus, a, um [capiō], adj.

    captive; as subst., captīvus, ī, m., captīva, ae, f., captive, prisoner of war

    subigō, ere, ēgī, āctus

    to drive under, put down, conquer

    reportō, āre, āvī, ātus to carry back, report  
    intereā [inter + is], adv.

    in the meantime, meanwhile

    Laevīnus, ī, m.

    the name of a Roman family. (1) L. Valerius (Laevīnus), consul 206 B.C.; (2) M. Valerius Laevīnus, consul 210 B.C.; (3) P. Valerius Laevīnus, consul 280 B.C.

    Scīpiō, ōnis, m.

    the name of one of the most illustrious families of Rome, Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 83 B.C., Cn. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 222 B.C., L. (Cornēlius) Scīpiō, consul 259 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 218 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 191 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, praetor 94 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō Āfricānus, consul 205 BC the conqueror of Hannibal in the First Punic War., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō Āfricānus (Minor), consul 147 B.C. He brought the Third Punic War to a close by capturing and destroying Carthage., L. Cornēlius Scīpiō Asiāgenēs, consul 83 B.C., P. (Cornēlius) Scīpiō Nāsīca, consul 91 B.C.

    Māgō, ōnis, m.

    the brother of Hannibal, captured by Scipio in Spain

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